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MacDorman, M.F., Menacker, F. and Declercq, E. (2008) Cesarean Birth in the United States: Epidemiology, Trends, and Outcomes. Clinics in Perinatology, 35, 293-307.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clp.2008.03.007

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Comparison between Azithromycin and Cephalexin for Preventing Infection after Cesarean Section in Obese Patient

    AUTHORS: Maryam Azizi, Minoo Rajaei, Maryam Abbasian, Amin Ghanbarnejad, Aida Najafian, Maryam Iranfar

    KEYWORDS: Antibiotic, Infection, Cesarean, Obesity, Fever

    JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Clinical Medicine, Vol.5 No.19, October 24, 2014

    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Postcesarean infection can cause maternal mortality and morbidity. Use of prophylactic antibiotics could decrease surgical site infection. Despite using prophylactic antibiotics in obese women, compared to normal weighted women the rate of wound infection is higher in this group. The aim of this study is to compare prophylactic effect of azithromycin and cephalexin on febrile morbidity and postcesarean infection in women with BMI > 30. Methods and Materials: This randomized controlled double blind clinical trial was done on 231 women with BMI > 30 who underwent elective cesarean section. Patients were randomly divided to intervention and control groups. Keflin 2 gr IV was administered 0.5 hr before surgery for both intervention and control groups. Cefalexin (placebo) every 6 hr and azythromycin (placebo) every 12 hr for control group and cephalexin 500 mg every 6 hr and azithromycin 250 mg every 12 hr for intervention group were administered for 48 hrs. Patients were under observation till 1 month after surgery. Fever, wound infection, endometritis and hospitalization were compared between two groups with SPSS v. 18. Results: A total of 231 patients 113 (48.9%) were enrolled in intervention group and 118 (51.1%) in control group with mean age of (28.53 ± 5.51) recruited. BMI distribution did not differ in the two groups. Hospitalization in control group was significantly higher than that in intervention group (2.58 ± 0.99) vs (2.11 ± 0.45) (P value