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European Parliament and Council of the European Union, “Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on the Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (RoHS),” Official Journal of the European Communities, 2003, pp. 19-23.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Review: Current Status of Recycling of Waste Printed Circuit Boards in India

    AUTHORS: Rashmi Kumar, Dahyalal. J. Shah

    KEYWORDS: Printed Circuit Boards; India; E-Waste; Informal Recycling

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol.5 No.1, January 23, 2014

    ABSTRACT: Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) are an integral part of any electronic equipment. The growth of e-waste as end-of-life electronic equipments at an exponential rate is producing large quantities of discarded PCBs. In India, current recycling and processing of PCBs is managed almost entirely by the informal sector or the unskilled labor (95%). The crude recycling activities cause irreversible health and environmental hazards and the loss of valuable materials due to the poor recovery of base and precious metals. With the disclosures of the recycling being done by unskilled labor, alternative recycling strategies are being sought with the aim of higher recovery of materials in an environment friendly manner. There is an urgent need to establish effective and efficient methods for recycling the metals presented in the waste PCBs. In this study, the existing methods practiced for recycling of waste PCBs in India and the management strategies for handling them are assessed.