Physico-Chemical Assessment of Euphrates Riverbetween Heet and Ramadi Cities, Iraq
Emad A. Al-Heety, Ahamed M. Turky, Eethar M. Al-Othman
DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.311091   PDF    HTML     5,273 Downloads   9,912 Views   Citations


The physico-chemical parameters of Euphrates River water were studied between Heet and Ramadi cities during November 2008 to June 2009. Water were samples collected from eleven stations and analyzed for Temperature, Turbidity, Electrical conductivity (EC), Total suspended solids (TSS), pH, Total dissolved salts (TDS), Dissolved oxygen (DO), Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), Calcium, Potassium, Sodium, Sulphate, Phosphate, Bicarbonates, Chloride, Nitrate and Total hardness. The observed values of these physico-chemical parameters were compared with WHO standards. Some parameters (Turbidity, TSS, TDS, BOD, Calcium, Sodium and Total hardness) exceeded the permissible limits of WHO standards, while other parameters were within the permissible limits. Statistical studies have been carried out by calculating correlation coefficients between different pairs of parameters. Monthly and spatial variations of physico-chemical parameters were investigated.

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Al-Heety, E. , Turky, A. and Al-Othman, E. (2011) Physico-Chemical Assessment of Euphrates Riverbetween Heet and Ramadi Cities, Iraq. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 3, 812-823. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.311091.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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