Printability of HDPE/Natural Fiber Composites with High Content of Cellulosic Industrial Waste
Luis Claudio Mendes, Sibele Piedade Cestari
DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.29181   PDF    HTML     7,381 Downloads   12,742 Views   Citations


In this paper, a continuous polymeric matrix highly filled with fiber of sugarcane bagasse has been obtained and its feasibility as an ink-absorbing material has been evaluated. In order to study the effect of the amount of cellulose fiber on the surface printability, contact angle measurement using different liquids—water-based inks, ethanol and ink for ink-jet printers—and printing tests were performed on composites of high density polyethylene (HDPE) and sugarcane bagasse (SCB). The composites were processed in a Haake internal mixer, using the SCB without any previous chemical treatment or compatibilizer. The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and derivative thermogravimetry (TG/ DTG) revealed an increase in the thermal stability and in the degree of crystallinity of the HDPE. The optical microscopy (OM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the cellulosic material was homogeneously embedded within the HDPE matrix. In order to assess the resistance of the composite sample to the pull strength of the printer, tensile tests were applied to the composites and the results were compared to known paper samples. The best result was achieved in the composite with the highest content of SCB, as well as the shortest drying time.

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L. Mendes and S. Cestari, "Printability of HDPE/Natural Fiber Composites with High Content of Cellulosic Industrial Waste," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 9, 2011, pp. 1331-1339. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.29181.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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