Correlation of PSA Density to Prostate Cancer Based on Prostate Volume by 3.0 T MRI


Purpose: Prostate specific antigen levels can be normalized by the prostate volume to give a prostate specific antigen density (PSAd). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can more accurately determine prostate zonal anatomy and prostate volumes compared to transrectal ultrasound, and hence may lead to more accurate PSAd measurements. Methods: Imaging and pathology of men undergoing prostate MRI from April 2007 to May 2009 were reviewed in this retrospective study. 73 patients were included for analysis, of which 45 had prostate cancer and 28 did not have cancer. Total, transitional zone, and peripheral zone values were determined by ultrasound prolate ellipse, MRI prolate ellipse, and MRI segmentation methods. Results: The study population showed an average PSA of 6.3 ng/mL, with the control mean PSA (8.8 ng/mL) being greater than the cancer group (5.3 ng/mL). Transrectal ultrasound underestimated the prostate volume (mean 27.7 mL versus MRI volume of 38.3 mL, p ≤ 0.001). No difference was seen between cancer and control populations using PSAd. PSAd correctly categorized low (Gleason < 7) and high-grade cancers (Gleason ≥ 7) in patients with malignancy. Conclusion: Transrectal ultrasound underestimates prostate volumes and hence is inaccurate in calculating PSAd. MRI more accurately depicts PSAd, however PSAd is unable to differentiate between patients with cancer and benign disease such as BPH or prostatitis.

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R. Hardman, Y. Liang, S. Ware, A. Jung, Q. Peng, F. El-Merhi, Y. Chen and I. Thompson, "Correlation of PSA Density to Prostate Cancer Based on Prostate Volume by 3.0 T MRI," Open Journal of Urology, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2011, pp. 28-36. doi: 10.4236/oju.2011.13008.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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