Identification of EDTA-Soluble Polysaccharides from Pea Epicotyl Cell Walls and Their Interaction with Xyloglucan
Elias A.-H. Baydoun, Oula C. Mansour, Sandra E. Rizk, Christopher T. Brett
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2011.22016   PDF    HTML     5,755 Downloads   10,286 Views  


Nascent pectin and glucuronoxylan were prepared from membrane-bound enzymes obtained from pea epicotyls. They had previously been shown to exhibit a protein- and pH-dependent pattern of binding to cell wall ghosts and to xy-loglucan extracted from cell walls prepared from pea epicotyls; maximum binding required a pH of 3-4, and the pres-ence of cell wall proteins, namely assemblins. To determine whether wall polysaccharides deposited in cell walls be-have in the same manner as nascent polymers, radioactively labeled EDTA-soluble polymers were prepared from newly-deposited pea epicotyl cell walls. Different enzyme treatments followed by column chromatography, in addition to complete acid hydrolysis followed by paper and thin layer chromatography, indicated the presence of pectin, to-gether with smaller amounts of glucuronoxylan, in this EDTA-soluble extract. These radioactively labeled polysaccha-rides were found to bind to cell wall ghosts and to xyloglucan extracted from the second and third internodes of pea epicotyls cell walls in a pH-dependent manner, similar to the binding pattern obtained with nascent polymers. Maxi-mum binding occurred at pH 3-4, and also required the presence of protein.

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E. Baydoun, O. Mansour, S. Rizk and C. Brett, "Identification of EDTA-Soluble Polysaccharides from Pea Epicotyl Cell Walls and Their Interaction with Xyloglucan," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2011, pp. 148-155. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2011.22016.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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