GIS Based Identification and Assessment of Groundwater Quality Potential Zones in Puri City, India
Ritesh Vijay, Dipal Samal, P. K. Mohapatra
DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.36054   PDF    HTML     7,881 Downloads   17,091 Views   Citations


Puri city is situated on the east coast of India and groundwater is the only source available to meet the potable water supply of the city. The objective of the study was to assess the impact of anthropogenic activities on groundwater quality and to identify the groundwater potential zones for drinking water production using GIS. Major sources of groundwater contamination in the city were open discharges of domestic sewage, inadequate sewerage system, open defecation, septic tanks, soak pits, contaminated water pools and unorganized solid waste dumping. Groundwater samples were collected and analyzed during post and pre monsoon to evaluate the drinking water quality as per Indian standards. The groundwater zones were prepared based on weighted index overlay analysis by assigning the weights based on the drinking water standards under different classes of individual water quality parameters. Finally, the potential zones were identified and assessed as suitable, moderately suitable and unsuitable for domestic purpose. Based on groundwater quality and geospatial analysis, measures were suggested to protect groundwater resources.

Share and Cite:

R. Vijay, D. Samal and P. Mohapatra, "GIS Based Identification and Assessment of Groundwater Quality Potential Zones in Puri City, India," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 3 No. 6, 2011, pp. 440-447. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.36054.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] [1] S. Yammani, “Groundwater Quality Suitable Zones Identification: Application of GIS, Chittoor Ara, Andhra Pradesh, India,” Environmental Geology, Vol. 53, No. 1, 2007, pp. 201-210. doi:10.1007/s00254-006-0634-1
[2] N. J. P. Rai and H. C. Sharma, “Bacterial Contamination of Groundwater in Rural Areas of Northwest Uttar Pradesh,” Indian Journal of Environmental Health, Vol. 27, No. 1, 1995, pp. 37-41.
[3] M. Shashikanth, K. Vijaykumar, M. Rajeshkhar and B. Vasanthkumar, “Chemistry of Groundwater in Gulbarga district, Karnataka, India,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 136, No. 1-3, 2008, pp. 347-354.
[4] R. C. Bridget and C. R. Reedy, “Impacts of Land Use and Land Cover Change on Groundwater Recharge and Quality in the Southwestern US,” Global Change Biology, Vol. 11, No. 10, 2005, pp. 1577-1593. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.01026.x
[5] D. M. Kumar and T. Shah, “Groundwater Contamination: The Emerging Challenge,” The Hindu Survey of the Environment, 2004, pp. 7-9, 11-12.
[6] M. de A. Eunice, A. Q. P. Helba, H. S. Ivam, A. de O. L. Raimundo and J. G. Maria, “Land Use Effects in Groundwater Composition of an Alluvial Aquifer (Trussu River, Brazil) by Multivariate Techniques,” Environmental Research, Vol. 106, No. 2, 2008, pp. 170-177. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2007.10.008
[7] L. W. Canter, “Nitrates in Groundwater,” Lewis Publishers, Baca Raton, 1996.
[8] E. Gimenez and I. Morell, “Hydrogeochemical Analysis of Salinization Processes in the Coastal Aquifer of Oropesa (Castellon, Spain),” Environmental Geology, Vol. 29, No. 1-2, 1997, pp. 118-131.
[9] A. P. Barker, R. J. Newton and S. H. Bottrell, “Processes Affecting Groundwater Chemistry in a Zone of Saline Intrusion into an Urban Sandstone Aquifer,” Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 13, No. 6, 1998, pp. 735-749. doi:10.1016/S0883-2927(98)00006-7
[10] J. V. Cruz and M. O. Silva, “Groundwater Salinization in Pico Island (Azores, Portugal): Origin and Mechanisms,” Environmental Geology, Vol. 39, No. 10, 2000, pp. 1181-1189. doi:10.1007/s002540000109
[11] R. Vijay, P. Khobragade and P. K. Mohapatra, “Assessment of Groundwater Quality in Puri City, India: An Impact of Anthropogenic Activities,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 177, No. 1-4, 2011, pp. 409-418. doi:10.1007/s10661-010-1643-9
[12] “Note of Groundwater Resources and Development Potential of Puri District, Orissa,” Central Ground Water Board, Ministry of Water Resources, Bhubaneswar, 2004.
[13] “Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater,” American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation, New York, Washington DC, 1998.
[14] C. N. Sawyer, P. L. McCarty and G. F. Parking, “Chemistry for Environmental Engineering,” 4th Edition, McGraw Hill, New York, 1994.
[15] BIS 10500, “Drinking Water Standard,” New Delhi, 1991.
[16] C. G. Bonham, “Geographical Information Systems for Geoscientists: Modelling with GIS,” Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1994.
[17] R. Vijay, S. S. Ramya, P. R. Pujari and P. K. Mohapatra, “Spatio-Temporal Assessment of Groundwater Level and Quality in Urban Coastal City Puri, India,” Water Science and T

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.