Ethnostudy and Usage of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms in Some Parts of Anambra State, Nigeria


Indigenous knowledge and use of edible and medicinal mushrooms in some parts of Anambra state were investigated. Eleven local government areas of the state (Anambra) were randomly surveyed in which six hundred and fifty-six households were interviewed. A well-structured questionnaire was designed to obtain crucial information from the respondents. Residents of Anambra State had indigenous knowledge of mushrooms and their use. Findings revealed that residents of Anambra State consumed edible mushrooms as food and medicine equivalent to USD 7.70. The study showed that more than 85% of respondents interviewed had eaten edible mushrooms as food. Only 2% of them used some of the mushrooms as medicine for treatment of diseases. It was clearly observed that respondents who consumed edible mushrooms because their medicinal importance was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those who did not consume them for the same purpose. There was no significant (P > 0.05) difference among the respondents who used edible mushrooms as an alternative to meat and fish when compared with those who did not use them in a similar manner. Investigation indicated that mushrooms served as an alternative source of income to rural people of Anambra State. Information gathered from respondents on the use of edible and medicinal mushrooms would form a baseline for further studies on ethnomedicinal practices among people of Nigeria and other nations of Africa.

Share and Cite:

Okigbo, R. and Nwatu, C. (2015) Ethnostudy and Usage of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms in Some Parts of Anambra State, Nigeria. Natural Resources, 6, 79-89. doi: 10.4236/nr.2015.61008.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Okigbo, R.N., Nwatu, C.M. and Ramesh, P. (2012) A Case Study on Fungal Leaf Spot Diseases of Orange Plants. Elixir Journal of Applied Botany, 42, 6182-6186.
[2] Idio, A.D. and Obinaju, L.C. (2013) Analysis of Edible Mushrooms Marketing in the Central Senatorial Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. Journal of Advances in Arts, Social Sciences and Education Research, 3, 1-20.
[3] Adenipekun, C.O. and Dada, O.J. (2013) Biodegradation of Three Agricultural Wastes by a White-Rot Fungus, Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fries) Quelet. Journal of Nature and Science, 11, 19-25.
[4] Ayodele, S.M., Akpaja, E.O. and Adamu, Y. (2011) Some Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms of Igala Land in Nigeria, Their Sociocultural and Ethmycological Uses. International Journal of Science and Nature, 2, 473-476.
[5] Ayodele, S.M., Akpaja, E.O. and Anyiador, F. (2007) Evaluation of the Yield of Lentinus squarrosulus (Mont) Singer on Selected Economic Trees Species. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10, 4288-4286.
[6] Oghenekaro, A.O., Akpaja, E.O. and Samuel, J.O. (2010) Effect of Illumination and Sclerotia on the Growth and Development of Pleurotus tuberregium (Fries) Singer. Continental Journal of Food Science and Technology, 4, 46-52.
[7] Akpaja, E.O., Okhuoya, J.A. and Ehwerbeferere, B.A. (2005) Ethnomycology and Indigenous Uses of Mushrooms among the Bini-Speaking People of Nigeria: A Case Study of Aihuobabekun Community near Benin City, Nigeria. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, 7, 373-374.
[8] Donatha, D.T. (2013) Wild Mushroom-Underutilized Healthy Food Resource and Income Generator: Experience from Tanzania Rural Areas. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9, 49-50.
[9] Takashi, K. (2013) Natural Products Biological Activity of the Pharmacologically Active Cauliflower Mushroom Sparassis crispa. Journal of BioMed Research International, 98, 23-37.
[10] Llarena, H.R.C., Largeteau, M., Farnet, A.M., Foulongene, M., Regnault-Roger, C. and Savoie, J.M. (2013) Potential of European Wild Strains of Agaricus subrufescens for Productivity and Quality on Wheat Straw Based Compost World. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 29, 1243-1253.
[11] Chen, M. (2013) Overview of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms in the USA and China.
[12] Akpaja, E.O., Isikhuemhen, O.S. and Okhuoya, J.A. (2003) Ethnomycology and Usage of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms among the Igbo People of Nigeria. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, 5, 313-319.
[13] Wikipedia Foundation (2012) Edible Mushroom.
[14] Wikipedia Foundation (2013) Indigenous Ethnic Group of Anambra State, Nigeria.
[15] 2006 Census
[16] Online Nigeria (2013) Vegetation of Anambra State.
[17] Igwilo, I.O., Afonne, O.J., Maduabuchi, U.J. and Orisakwe, O.E. (2006) Toxicology Study of the Anam River in Otuocha, Anambra State, Nigeria. Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health, 61, 205-208.
[18] Farid, M.T., Hero, M.I. and Nareen, Q.F.A. (2013) Survey and Identification of Mushrooms in Erbil Governorate. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 5, 262-266.
[19] Herizo, E. (2013) Various Benefits of Mushrooms for Health.
[20] Kary, M. and Browny, H. (2013) What Are the Health Benefits of Mushrooms?
[21] Margaret, N. (2013) Health Benefits of Mushrooms.
[22] Kenneth, M. (2013) How Mushrooms Can Save the World.
[23] Osemwegie, O.O., Okhuoya, A.J. and Omorusi, I.V. (2009) Ecological Diversity of Macro Basidiomycetes in Rubber, Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, Iyanomo, Edo State. Nigerian Journal of Mycology, 2, 23-40.
[24] Kinge, T.R., Tabi, A.M., Enow, E.A., Njouonkou, L. and Nji, T.M. (2011) Ethnomycological Studies of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms in the Mount Cameroon Region (Cameroon, Africa). International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, 13, 299-305.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.