Self-Esteem Scale of the Vietnam Minors: Cross-Cultural Adaptation of ETES


The purpose of this article is to introduce self-esteem scale associated with the culture of Vietnam. In essence, this is the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-esteem scales that colleagues from the University of Toulouse II-Le Mirail (French Republic) establish for participant groups who are Vietnam minors. Results factor analysis with SPSS and Lisrel software has allowed us to obtain the scale consisting of 21 items, focusing for 4 contents: family self, social self, physical self, and academic self. Comparing with the study that the Vietnamese colleagues have conducted, we found that the research results have confirmed the importance of self of family to participant groups who are Vietnam minors, whereas emotional self and future self do not get results possible. We believe that Vietnam culture, especially Confucianism and Buddhism may explain the result of this research.

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Linh, T. , Thu, N. & Huong, N. (2014). Self-Esteem Scale of the Vietnam Minors: Cross-Cultural Adaptation of ETES. Psychology, 5, 1568-1574. doi: 10.4236/psych.2014.513167.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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