Using of High Altitude Wind Energy
Alexander Bolonkin
DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22010   PDF    HTML     8,709 Downloads   14,149 Views   Citations


Ground based, wind energy extraction systems have reached their maximum capability. The limitations of current de-signs are: wind instability, high cost of installations, and small power output of a single unit. The wind energy industry needs of revolutionary ideas to increase the capabilities of wind installations. This article suggests a revolutionary innovation which produces a dramatic increase in power per unit and is independent of prevailing weather and at a lower cost per unit of energy extracted. The main innovation consists of large free-flying air rotors positioned at high altitude for power and air stream stability, and an energy cable transmission system between the air rotor and a ground based electric generator. The air rotor system flies at high altitude up to 14 km. A stability and control is provided and systems enable the changing of altitude. This article includes six examples having a high unit power output (up to 100 MW). The proposed examples provide the following main advantages: 1) Large power production capacity per unit—up to 5,000 - 10,000 times more than conventional ground-based rotor designs; 2) The rotor operates at high altitude of 1 - 14 km, where the wind flow is strong and steady; 3) Installation cost per unit energy is low; 4) The installation is environmentally friendly (no propeller noise).

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A. Bolonkin, "Using of High Altitude Wind Energy," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2011, pp. 75-85. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22010.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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