Water and Energy Footprint Assessment of Bottled Water Industries in India


Assessment of water and energy footprint for eight bottled water industries was carried out. The investigation showed that one litre of bottled water has a water footprint of 17.41 litres and energy footprint of 7.08 MJ. Water consumption by the industry comprises 61% during material production, 17% in processes, 16% in energy and only 6% in the actual product. Hence, maximum consumption of water is in material production, while the processes required a smaller fraction of the total water and energy consumed. Therefore, water footprint can be reduced through optimization of water consumption in material production.

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S. Tandon, N. Kolekar and R. Kumar, "Water and Energy Footprint Assessment of Bottled Water Industries in India," Natural Resources, Vol. 5 No. 2, 2014, pp. 68-72. doi: 10.4236/nr.2014.52007.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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