Evaluation of Ribosomal RNA Removal Protocols for Salmonella RNA-Seq Projects


Next generation sequencing is a powerful technology whose application in sequencing entire RNA populations (RNA-Seq) of food-borne pathogens will provide valuable insights. A problem unique to prokaryotic RNA-Seq is removal of ribosomal RNA. Unlike eukaryotic messenger RNA (mRNA), bacterial mRNA species are devoid of polyadenylation at the 3’-end and thus the approach of affinity enrichment of mRNA using oligo-dT probes is not an option. Among several approaches to enriching mRNA molecules, removal of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) by subtractive hybridization has been widely used. This approach is a single-step procedure for which several rRNA-depletion kits are commercially available. We evaluated three commercially available rRNA-depletion kits to determine their respective efficiencies of rRNA removal from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strain SL1344. The three protocols achieved varying degrees of rRNA depletion and resulted in 8 to 1000-fold enrichment of mRNA. rRNA removal probes from two of the three kits were unable to titrate out 23S rRNA species while removal of 16S rRNA was less efficient. The Ribo-Zero kit was most efficient in eliminating 16S, 23S and 5S ribosomal RNA species from the transcriptome of S. enterica serovar Typhimurium strain SL1344.

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A. Bhagwat, Z. Ying and A. Smith, "Evaluation of Ribosomal RNA Removal Protocols for Salmonella RNA-Seq Projects," Advances in Microbiology, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2014, pp. 25-32. doi: 10.4236/aim.2014.41006.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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