Response of Salt-Tolerant Rice Varieties to Biocompost Application in Sodic Soil of Eastern Uttar Pradesh


Sodic soils have immense productivity potential, if managed through proper technology interventions. Biocompost is prepared by composting pressmud (a sugar industry byproduct) received from cane juice filtration and spent wash received from distilleries through microbial aerobic decomposition and can be used to reclaim sodic soils. Field experiments were conducted during the wet season of 2011 and 2012 to study the effect of incorporation of biocompost in sodic soil with four treatments: T1—Control, T2—Biocompost at 2 t ha-1, T3—Biocompost at 4 t ha-1 and T4—Biocompost at 6 t ha-1. The two promising salt tolerant rice varieties preferred by farmers, Narendra usar 3 and NDR 359 were used as test crops, which can produce yields ranging between 2-4 t ha-1 in soil having a pH range of 9.2 to 10.5. Among the different doses of biocompost tested, application of biocompost at 6 t ha-1 registered highest yields, enabled by a higher biomass, ear bearing tiller (EBT), and grain fertility in both varieties. Narendra usar 3 was more responsive to treatments even at lower doses of biocompost than NDR 359, but NDR 359 yielded slightly higher than Narendra usar 3 in all treatments. Soil health was also improved evidently on better fertility and low soil pH and EC at harvest. Thus, biocompost can be considered as a commercially viable, environmentally acceptable and practically enforceable option for improving the crop productivity and soil fertility status.

Share and Cite:

A. Khan, A. Singh, M.  , S. Singh, N. Zaidi, U. Singh and S. Haefele, "Response of Salt-Tolerant Rice Varieties to Biocompost Application in Sodic Soil of Eastern Uttar Pradesh," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 5 No. 1, 2014, pp. 7-13. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.51002.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] C. Brondani, T. C. O. Borba, P. H. N. Rangel and R. P. V. Brondani, “Determination of Genetic Variability of Traditional Varieties of Brazilian Rice Using Microsatellite Markers,” Genetics and Molecular Biology, Vol. 29, No. 4, 2006, pp. 676-684.
[2] G. S. Khush, “What Will Take to Feed 5.0 Billion Rice Consumers in 2030?” Plant Molecular Biology, Vol. 59, No. 1, 2005, pp. 1-6.
[3] FAO, “Land and Plant Nutrition Management Services,” 2008.
[4] L. Zeng, M. C. Shannon and S. M. Lesch, “Timing of Salinity Stress Affects Rice Growth and Yield Components,” Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2001, pp. 191-206.
[5] F. Moradi and A. M. Ismail, “Response of Photosynthesis, Chlorophyll Fluorescence and ROS Scavenging Systems to Salt Stress During Seedling and Reproductive Stage in Rice,” Annals of Botany, Vol. 99, 2007, pp. 1161-1173.
[6] L. Zeng and M. C. Shannon, “Salinity Effects on Seedling Growth and Components of Rice,” Crop Science, Vol. 40, 2000, pp. 996-1003.
[7] P. M. Hasegawa, R. A. Bressan, J. K. Zhu and H. J. Bohnert, “Plant Cellular and Molecular Responses to High Salinity,” Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology, Vol. 51, 2000, pp. 463-499.
[8] M. Qadir, J. D. Oster, S. Schubert, A. D. Noble and K. L. Sahrawat, “Phytoremediation of Sodic and Saline-Sodic Soils,” Advances in Agronomy, Vol. 96, 2007, pp. 197-247.
[9] K. K. Tanji, “Salinity in the Soil Environment,” In: A. Lauchli and U. Luttge, Eds., Salinity Environment-PlantMolecules, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 2002, pp. 21-51.
[10] M. M. F. Mansour and K. H. A. Salama, “Cellular Basis of Salinity Tolerance in Plants,” Environmental and Experimental of Botany, Vol. 52, 2000, pp. 113-122.
[11] V. Chinnusamy, A. Jagendorf and J. K. Zhu, “Understanding and Improving Salt Tolerance in Plants,” Crop Science, Vol. 45, 2005, pp. 437-448.
[12] B. R. Sharma and P. S. Minhas, “Strategies for Managing Saline/Alkali Waters for Sustainable Agricultural Production in South Asia,” Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 78, 2005, pp. 136-151.
[13] J. P. Mitchell, C. Shennan, M. J. Singer, D. W. Peters, K. O. Miller, T. Prichars, S. R. Grattan, J. D. Rhoadesh, D. M. May and D. S. Munk, “Impacts of Gypsum and Winter Cover Crops on Soil Physical Properties and Crop Productivity When Irrigated with Saline Water,” Agriculture Water Management, Vol. 45, 2000, pp. 55-71.
[14] A. Hanay, F. Buyuksonmez, F. M. Kiziloglu and M. Y. Canbolart, “Reclamation of Saline-Sodic with Gypsum and MSW Compost,” Compost Science and Utilization, Vol. 12, 2004, pp. 175-179.
[15] M. Tejada, C. Garcia, J. L. Gonzalez and M. T. Hernandez, “Use of Organic Amendment as a Strategy for Saline Soil Remediation: Influence on the Physical, Chemical and Biological Properties of Soil,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 38, 2006, pp. 1413-1421.
[16] O. P. Choudhary, A. S. Josan, M. S. Bajwa and L. Kapur, “Effect of Sustained Sodic and Saline-Sodic Irrigation and Application of Gypsum and Farmyard Manure on Yield and Quality of Sugarcane Under Semi-Arid Conditions,” Field Crops Research, Vol. 87, 2004, pp. 103-116.
[17] V. N. L. Wong, R. C. Dalal and R. S. B. Greene, “Carbon Dynamics of Sodic and Saline Soil Following Gypsum and Organic Material Additions: A Laboratory Incubation,” Applied Soil Ecology, Vol. 41, 2009, pp. 29-40.
[18] A. J. Walkley and I. A. Black, “Estimation of Soil Organic Carbon by Chromic acid Titration Method,” Soil Science, Vol. 34, 1934, pp. 29-38.
[19] R. C. Linder, “Rapid Analytical Method for Some of the More Common Inorganic Constituents of Plant Tissue,” Plant Physiology, Vol. 19, 1944, pp.76-89.
[20] C. S. Piper, “Vanado-Molybdo-Phosphoric Yellow Colour Method,” Soil and Plant Analysis, Interscience Publication, New York, 1966, p. 368.
[21] M. L. Jackson, “Soil Chemical Analysis,” Prentice-Hall of India pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1973, pp. 281-285.
[22] V. G. Panse and P. V. Sukhatme, “Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers,” 4th Edition, ICAR, New Delhi, 1985, p. 347.
[23] P. J. A. van Asten, J. A. van’t Zelfde, S. E. A. T. M. van der Zee and C. Hammecker, “The Effect of Irrigated Rice Cropping on the Alkalinity of Two Alkaline Rice Soils in the Sahel,” Geoderma, Vol. 119, No. 3-4, 2004, pp. 233-247.
[24] A. Kumar and D. S. Yadav, “Use of Organic Manure and Fertilizers in Rice (Oryza sativa) Wheat (Triticum aestivum) Cropping System for Sustainability,” Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 65, No. 10, 1995, pp. 703-707.
[25] A. Kumar, H. P. Tripathi and D. S. Yadav, “Correcting Nutrient Imbalances for Sustainable Crop Production,” Indian Journal of fertilizers, Vol. 2, No. 11, 2007, pp. 37-44.
[26] B. B. Saliha, S. Krishnakumar, and S. K. Natarajan, “Response of Rice Crop to Organic Manuring in High pH Soil,” Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 5, 2005, pp. 524-526.
[27] H. P. Tripathi, A. K. Mauriya and A. Kumar, “Effect of Nitrogen Nutrient Management on Rice-Wheat Cropping System in Eastern Plain Zone of Uttar Pradesh,” Journal of Farming System Research and Development, Vol. 13, No. 12, 2007, pp. 198-203.
[28] L. D. Bi, B. Zhang, L. G. R. Liu, Z. Z. Li, Y. R. Liu, C. Ye, X. C. Yu, T. Lai, J. G. Zhang, J. M. Yin and Y. Liang, “Long-Term Effects of Organic Amendments on the Rice Yields for Double Rice Cropping Systems in Subtropical China,” Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 129, 2009, pp. 534-541.
[29] P. C. Ram, P. N. Singh, O. P. Verma, A. Ismail, N. Singh, A. Srivastava, S. P. Singh and R. K. Singh, “Improving Water and Land Productivity through Technology Integration in Saline Sodic Soils of Indo-Gangatic Basin,” Proceedings International Forum on Water and Food, CGIAR Challenge Program in Water and Food, Addis Ababa, 10-14 November 2008, pp. 163-166.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.