Changing Trends in Ritual Attendance and Spirituality throughout the College Years


According to previous literature, levels of religiousness decrease among emerging adults, but similar research has not been done regarding levels of spirituality. The current study examined the responses of college students to measures of religiousness and spirituality. The participants in the study were from a private, religiously affiliated university in the Midwest, between ages 18 and 24. Participants completed the Personal Religious Inventory (PRI), the Duke Religion Index (DUREL), the Spiritual Transcendence Scale (STS), the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) and the Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale (SIBS). Significant differences were found between first-year and upper-class participants on religious attendance, non-religious attendance, and the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale. Based on these results, it is suggested that multi-dimensional measures provide a more accurate view of religiousness than one-dimensional measures.

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Creech, C. , Handal, P. , Worley, S. , Pashak, T. , Perez, E. & Caver, L. (2013). Changing Trends in Ritual Attendance and Spirituality throughout the College Years. Psychology, 4, 994-997. doi: 10.4236/psych.2013.412143.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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