Finite element modeling of the viscoelastic responses of the eye during microvolumetric changes


A linear viscoelastic finite element model was built to investigate factors that influenced the intraocular pressure (IOP) elevations due to micro-volumetric changes in the eye at three different rates. The viscoelastic properties of the cornea and the sclera, including the instantaneous modulus, equilibrium modulus, and relaxation time constants, parametrically varied to examine their effects on IOP elevations at different rates of volumetric changes. The simulated responses were in good agreement with the previously reported experimental results obtained from porcine globes, showing the general trend of higher IOP elevations at faster rates. The simulations showed that all viscoelastic properties influenced the profile of the dynamic IOP due to volumetric changes, and the relative significance of a specific parameter was highly dependent on the rate of change.


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Perez, B. , Morris, H. , Hart, R. and Liu, J. (2013) Finite element modeling of the viscoelastic responses of the eye during microvolumetric changes. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 6, 29-37. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2013.612A005.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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