Performance of HARQ in Device-to-Device Communication


In this paper, we study D2D (Device-to-Device) communication underlying LTE-Advanced uplink system. Since D2D communication reuses uplink resources with cellular communication in this scenario, it’s hard for D2D users to avoid the interference from cellular users while cellular users are communication with eNB (evolved Node B). HARQ (Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest) is widely used in LTE-Advanced system in order to improve the accurate rate of cellular communication. Hence, we consider studying the integration of D2D with HARQ, so as to achieve the purpose of improving the throughput of D2D communication and the performance of overall system. Synchronous HARQ is considered to introduce into D2D communication procedures. What’s more, this idea will be taken into system-level simulation. From the simulation results, we can see that the throughput of D2D communication gets a lot of gain and the performance of overall system is improved as well. In addition, Synchronous HARQ technique can significantly decrease the BLER (Block Error Rate) of D2D communication, especially for which in a bad channel condition.

Share and Cite:

Feng, W. , Wang, Y. and Yang, L. (2013) Performance of HARQ in Device-to-Device Communication. Communications and Network, 5, 333-337. doi: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2061.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] H. Ekstrom, A. Furuskär, J. Karlsson, M. Meyer, S. Parkvall, J. Torsner and M. Wahlqvist, “Solutions for the 3G Long-term Evolution,” IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol. 44, No. 3, 2006, pp. 2432-2455. doi:10.1109/MCOM.2006.1607864
[2] ITU, “ITU-R; Recommendation M. 1645 Framework and Overall Objectives of the Future Development of IMT-2000 and Systems Beyondimt-2000,” 2003.
[3] “Estimated Spectrum Bandwidth Requirements for the Future Development of IMT-2000 and IMT-Advanced,” ITU.
[4] D. C. Lee and Y. H. Kwon, “Performance Benefits of Uplink Packet Relay Protocols for Cellular-like Systems: Quantitative Analysis,” IEEE Transactions Wireless Communications, Vol. 5, No. 7, 2006, pp. 1569-1574. doi:10.1109/TWC.2006.1673062
[5] S. Haykin, “Cognitive Radio: Brain-empowered Wireless Communications,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2005, pp. 201-220. doi:10.1109/JSAC.2004.839380
[6] H.-Y. Hsieh and R. Sivakumar, “On Using Peer-to-peer Communication in Cellular Wireless Data Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2004, pp. 57-72. doi:10.1109/TMC.2004.1261817
[7] P. Jänis, Y. Chia-Hao, K. Doppler, C. Ribeiro, C. Wijting, K. Hugl, O. Tirkkonen and V. Koivunen, “Device-to-device Communication Underlaying Cellular Communications Systems,” Submitted to: International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS).
[8] D. J. Dechene and A. Shami, “Energy Efficient Resource Allocation in Sc-Fdma Uplink with Synchronous Harq Constraints,” in Communications (ICC), 2011 IEEE International Conference on, 2011, pp. 1-5.
[9] V. Chandrasekhar and Z. Shen, “Optimal Uplink Power Control in Twocell Systems with Rise-over-thermal Constraints,” IEEE communications letters, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2008, pp. 173-175. doi:10.1109/LCOMM.2008.071697
[10] H. M. Wang and D. J. Jiang, “A Novel Bidirectional Resource Allocation to Decrease Signaling for Retransmission in LTE System,” in Vehicular Technology Conference, 2008. VTC Spring 2008. IEEE, 2008), pp. 2269-2271.
[11] Rep. ITU-R M.2135, “Guidelines for Evaluation of Radio Interface Technologies for IMT-Advanced,” Revision 1 to Document 5D/TEMP/90-E, 1st July 2008.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.