Adsorption of Methylene Blue by NaOH-modified Dead Leaves of Plane Trees


NaOH-modified dead leaves of plane trees were used as bioadsorbent to remove methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution. Variable influencing factors, including contact time, temperature, initial MB concentration and pH were studied through single-factor experiments. The results showed that the initial concentration 100 mg/L, bioadsorbent of 2.5 g/L, pH of 7, room temperature were the best adsorption conditions. The NaOH-modified bioadsorbent had a high adsorption capacity for MB, and its saturated extent of adsorption was 203.28 mg/g, which was higher than the un-modified dead leaves (145.62 mg/g) and some other bioadsorbents. Finally, adsorption kinetics and isotherms were discussed, suggesting that the Langmuir isotherm model and Pseudo-second order kinetics were fitted well with the adsorption process.

Share and Cite:

Gong, L. , Sun, W. and Kong, L. (2013) Adsorption of Methylene Blue by NaOH-modified Dead Leaves of Plane Trees. Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering, 2, 13-19. doi: 10.4236/cweee.2013.22B003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] D. özer, G. Dursun and A. özer, “Methylene Blue Ad-sorption from Aqueous Solution by Dehydrated Peanut Hull,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 144, No. 1-2, 2007, pp. 171-179.doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.09.092.
[2] R. Perrich, “Activated Carbon Adsorption for Wastewater Treat-ment,” CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1981.
[3] K. Ras-togi, J. N. Sahu, B. C. Meikap and M. N. Biswas, “Re-moval of Methylene Blue from Wastewater Using Fly Ash as an Adsorbent by Hydrocyclone,” Journal of Ha-zardous Materials, Vol. 158, No. 2, 2008, pp. 531-540. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.01.105.
[4] S. Karaca, A. Gürse, M. Açîkyîldîz and M. Ejder (Korucu), “Adsorption of Cationic Dye from Aqueous Solutions by Activated Carbon,” Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Vol. 115, No. 3, 2008, pp. 376-382.doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2008.02.008.
[5] G. Annadurai, R. S. Juang and D. J. Lee, “Use of Cel-lu-Lose-Based Wastes for Adsorption of Dyes from Aqueous Solutions,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, B, Vol. 92, No. 3, 2002, pp. 263-274. doi:10.1016/S0304-3894(02)00017-1
[6] K. Mohanty, J. T. Naidu, B. C. Meikap and M. N. Biswas, “Removal of Crystal Violet from Wastewater by Activated Carbons Prepared from Rice Husk,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 45, No. 14, 2006, pp. 5165-5171.doi:10.1021/ie060257r.
[7] Md. Tamez Uddin, Md. Akhtarul Islam, Shaheen Mahmud and Md. Ruka-nuzzaman, “Adsorptive Removal of Methylene Blue by Tea Waste,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 164, No. 1, 2009, pp. 53-60. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.07.131.
[8] A. özer and G. Dursun, “Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution by Dehydrated Wheat Bran Carbon,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 146, No. 1-2, 2007, pp. 262-269. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.12.016.
[9] V. K. Gupta, D. Mohan, S. Sharma and M. Sharma, “Removal of Basic Dyes (Rhodamine-B and Methylene Blue) from Aqueous Solutions Using Bagasse Fly Ash,” Separation Science and Technology, Vol. 35, No. 13, 2000, pp. 2097-2113.doi:10.1081/SS-100102091.
[10] P. Janos, S. Coskun, V. Pilarová and J. Rej-nek, “Removal of Basic (Methylene Blue) and Acid (Egacid Orange) Dyes from Waters by Sorption on Chemically Treated Wood Shav-ings,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 100, No. 3, 2009, pp. 1450-1453. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2008.06.069.
[11] K. Kannan and M. M. Sundaram, “Kinetics and Mechanism of Removal of Methylene Blue by Adsorption on Various Carbons—A Comparative Study,” Dyes Pigments, Vol. 51, No. 1, 2001, pp. 25-40. doi:10.1016/S0143-7208(01)00056-0
[12] I. D. Mall, V. C. Srivastqava and N. K. Agarwal, “Removal of Orange-G and Methyl Violet Dyes by Adsorption Onto Bagasse Fly Ash-Kinetic Study and Equilibrium Isotherm Analyses,” Dyes Pigments, Vol. 69, No. 3, 2006, pp. 210-223. doi:10.1016/j.dyepig.2005.03.013.
[13] I. Langmuir, “The Adsorption of Gases on Plane Surfaces of Glass, Mica and Platinum,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 40, No. 9, 1918, pp. 1316-1403. doi:10.1021/ja02242a002.
[14] H. M. F. Freundlich, “über Die Adsorption in Lösungen (Adsorption in solution),” Zeitschrift Fur Physikalische Chemie, Vol. 57A, 1906, pp. 212-223..
[15] O. Hamdaoui, F. Saoudi, M. Chiha and E. Naffrechoux, “Sorption of Malachite Green by a Novel Sorbent, Dead Leaves of Plane Tree: Equilibrium and Kinetic Modeling,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 143, No. 1-3, 2008, pp. 73-84.doi:10.1016/j.cej.2007.12.018
[16] P. K. Malik, “Use of Activated Carbons Prepared from Sawdust and Rice-Husk for Adsorption of Acid Dyes: A Case Study of Acid Yellow36,” Dyes Pigments, Vol. 56, No. 3, 2003, pp. 239-249. doi:10.1016/S0143-7208(02)00159-6.
[17] I. D. Mall, V. C. Srivastava, N. K. Agarwal and I. M. Mishra, “Removal of Congo Red from Aqueous Solution by Bagasse Fly Ash and Activated Carbon: Kinetic Study and Equili-brium Isotherm Analyses,” Chemosphere, Vol. 61, No. 4, 2005, pp. 492-501. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.03.065.
[18] N. K. Amin, “Removal of Direct Blue-106 Dye from Aqueous Solu-tion Using New Activated Carbons Developed from Po-megranate Peel: Adsorption Equilibrium and Kinetics,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 165, No. 1-3, 2009, pp. 52-62. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.09.067
[19] F. Wu, R. Tseng and R. Juang, “Pore Structure and Adsorption Performance of the Activated Carbons Prepared from Plum Kernels,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, B, Vol. 69, No. 3, 1999, pp. 287-302. doi:10.1016/S0304-3894(99)00116-8.
[20] Y. Nuhoglu and E. Oguz, “Removal of Copper(II) from Aqueous Solu-tions by Biosorption on the Cone Biomass of Thuja orientalis,” Process Biochemistry, Vol. 38, No. 11, 2003, pp. 1627-1638. doi:10.1016/S0032-9592(03)00055-4
[21] I. D. Mall and S. N. Upadhyay, “Treatment of Methyl Violet Bearing Wastewater from Paper Mill Ef?uent Using Low Cost Adsorbents,” Journal of Indian Pulp Paper Technology Association, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1995, pp. 51-57.
[22] B. H. Hameed, “Spent Tea Leaves: A New Non-Conventional and Low-Cost Adsorbent for Removal of Basic Dye from Aqueous Solutions,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 161, No. 2-3, 2009, pp. 753-759. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.04.019
[23] A. R. and P. P., “Batch and Column Studies of Biosorption of Heavy Metals by Caulerpa Lentillifera,” Bioresource Technolo-gy, Vol. 99, No. 8, 2008, pp. 2766-2777.
[24] K. R. Hall, L. C. Eagleton, A. Acrivos and T. Vermeulen, “Pore-and Solid-Diffusion Kinetics in Fixed-Bed Adsorption under Constant-Pattern Conditions,” IEC Fundam, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1966, pp. 212-223. doi:10.1021/i160018a011.
[25] Y. S. HO and G. McKay, “Sorption of Dye from Aqueous Solution by Peat,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 70, No. 2, 1998, pp. 115-124. doi:10.1016/S0923-0467(98)00076-1.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.