Secondary Students’ Views about Creativity in the Work of Engineers and Artists: A Latent Class Analysis


To close the current “innovation gap”, schools must help students develop creative thinking skills and understanding of technical careers as requiring creativity. A first step is understanding students’ current perceptions of the work of such careers. The goal of this study was to identify patterns in how secondary school students viewed the work of a technical career, engineering, in comparison to art, a career more traditionally associated with creativity. The sample consisted of 104 students (ages 13 - 15) entering their first year of a program that intentionally integrates engineering, science, and art instruction. The students in our study completed two assessments during their first week of school. On one side of a paper they drew an engineer and answered questions about what engineers do. On the other side of the paper, they drew an artist and answered questions about what artists do. These drawings and associated writing were coded. We then used the statistical method of latent class analysis to model the responses. We identified three patterns in the ways that students perceived the work of engineers and two patterns in the ways that students perceived the work of artists.

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Harlow, D. , Nylund-Gibson, K. , Iveland, A. & Taylor, L. (2013). Secondary Students’ Views about Creativity in the Work of Engineers and Artists: A Latent Class Analysis. Creative Education, 4, 315-321. doi: 10.4236/ce.2013.45047.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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