Balanced Fertilization Improves Fiber Yield and Quality of Winter Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.)


Winter fiber flax has been planted in a large area in Yunnan Province, the southwestern part of China, and other areas of the world, but little is known about the influence of fertilization on the fiber yield and quality. For that, a two-factor experiment in random block designed was carried out by specifying nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) as factor A, boron (B), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) and molybdenum (Mo) as factor B each in four levels and their complete combinations. With the increase of N, P and K fertilizers, the yields of long-fiber and total-fiber obviously increased resulting from the increased straw yield, although the portion of retted-stem in straw, contents of longfiber and total-fiber decreased. The fiber tensile strength and flexibility increased as well. The micronutrients application increased the yields of straw, long-fiber and total-fiber, but gave no influence to fiber content and the fiber qualities. Combinations of the macronutrients and micronutrients gave obvious influences to the yields of straw and fiber, contents of long-fiber and total-fiber, fiber fineness and tensile strength, but little influence to the fiber flexibility. The fertilizers formula A2B2, i.e. N-P2O5-K2O 172.8, 28.8 172.8 kg/hm2, Zn-Cu-B-M-Mo 2363, 1654, 236, 2363,165 g/hm2, was the best, yielding most in the straw, long-fiber and total-fiber, with synchronous improvement of the three quality indices.

Share and Cite:

F. Liu, F. Li, G. Du and F. Xiao, "Balanced Fertilization Improves Fiber Yield and Quality of Winter Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.)," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 2, 2013, pp. 291-296. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.42038.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] S. M. Lv, “The Standard and Examination of Bast Fibers,” Fiber Branch of China Association for Standardization, Beijing, 1993, pp. 81-90.
[2] W. S. Arnold and E. S. Malcolm, “Formulation of Environmentally Sound Waste Mixtures for Land Application,” Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Vol. 152, No. 1-4, 2004, pp. 195-217. doi:10.1023/B:WATE.0000015357.03531.b1
[3] D. Holscher, R. F. Moller, M. Denich and H. Folste, “Nutrient Input-Output Budget of Shifting Agriculture in Eastern Amazoni,” Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, Vol. 47, No. 1, 1997, pp. 49-57. doi:10.1007/BF01985718
[4] C. F. Li, M. Li and K. R. Wang, “The Mechanism of Potassium Influencing the Yield and Quality of Fiber Flax,” Journal of Northeast Agricultural University, Vol. 29, No. 1, 1998, pp. 21-26.
[5] Y. J. Li, “The Effect of N, P, Zn on Yield of Fiber Flax,” Soils, Vol. 34, No. 5, 2002, pp. 286-288.
[6] T. H. Pan, Z. F. Zhang, D. Y. Li and Y. X. Zhou, “Study on Dry Matter Accumulation and Absorption and Distribution of N, P, K in Flax,” China’s Fiber Crops, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1996, pp. 34-36.
[7] F. Z. Guan, X. Y. Song and D. K. Wang, “Preliminary Research on the Influence of Micronutrients on Raw Stem Yield of Flax,” China’s Fiber Crops, Vol. 21, No. 1, 1999, pp. 37-40.
[8] L. Z. Xu and F. Z. Guan, “Influence of N, P, K on Fiber Cells Developing in Flax,” China’s Fiber Crops, Vol. 22, No. 4, 2000, pp. 12-14.
[9] G. Y. Yang and Y. F. Lu, “Cultivation Technology for Fiber Flax in Yunnan Province,” Plant Fiber and Products, Vol. 25, No. 5, 2003, pp. 219-222.
[10] Q. N. Liu, M. L. Fu, X. Y. Wu, Z. L. Zhao and G. Du, “The Study of Relation among Straw Flax Yield, Density, Amount of Nitrogen and N, P, K Ratio,” Plant Fiber and Products, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2006, pp. 29-32.
[11] R. Dodd, J. Foulk and D. Akin, “Flax as a Winter Crop in the Southeastern United States,” Proceedings of 58th Flax Institute of United States, North Dakota State University, Fargo, 2000, pp. 192-201.
[12] S. N. Lisson and N. J. Mendham, “Agronomic Studies of Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) in South-Eastern Australia,” Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, Vol. 40, No. 8, 2000, pp. 1101-1112. doi:10.1071/EA00059
[13] Z. X. Cheng, “Winter Flax Cultivation Technology,” China Agro-Technology Extension, No. 1, 2004, p. 32.
[14] D. J. Reuter and J. B. Robinson, “Plant Analysis, an Interpretation Manual,” 2nd Edition, CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, 1997, pp. 152-159.
[15] J. Z. Wan and X. C. Zhang, “The Cultivation and Processing of Fiber Flax,” China Agricultural Press, Beijing, 1998, pp. 9-14.
[16] S. H. Wang, X. F. Yang, C. H. Li, J. Q. He, Y. F. Chen and S. L. Yang, “Research on the Mathematic Model of Comprehensive Agricultural Measures for High Yield of Flax,” Plant Fiber and Products, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2003, pp. 14-21.
[17] B. Yagodin, “Utilization of Nitrogen by Fiber Flax Plants and Yield of Straw with Different Rates of Nitrogen Fertilizer,” Izvestiya Timiryazevskoi Sel’skokhozyaistvennoi Akademii, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1991, pp. 89-94.
[18] X. Fu, M. Li and D. M. Li, “Research Advancement on Fiber Properties and Their Relationship with Yield and Quality of Flax,” Plant Fiber and Products, Vol. 26, No. 2, 2004, pp. 60-64.
[19] C. F. Li, M. Li, J. H. Liu and J. Jiang, “The Effect of Potassium on Flax Fiber Yield and Quality,” Heilongjiang Textile, No. 3, 1996, pp. 33-34.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.