A Novel Optical Control Plane for Switching an Electro-Optical Hybrid Node in Translucent WDM Optical Networks


In a translucent network scenario, development of an optical control plane (OCP) that is aware of the location and number of available regenerators and all-optical wavelength converters (AOWCs) is of paramount importance. However, current generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) protocol suite does not consider the distribution of regenerator and AOWC availability information to all the network nodes. In this paper, we propose a novel optical control plane (OCP) architecture that 1) disseminates information about network components (i.e. regenerators and AOWCs) to all the network nodes, and 2) evaluates candidate routes which use fewest amounts of network components. Performance of the proposed OCP is compared with a recently proposed hybrid OCP approach in terms of blocking performance, number of deployed components and lightpath establishment setup times. The obtained simulation results show that the proposed OCP approach demonstrates low connection blocking and establishes lightpaths by 1) minimizing the overall network cost owing to the deployment of minimum total number of network components, and 2) demonstrating acceptable lightpath establishment setup times at all traffic loads. Further, the proposed OCP methodology is compatible and suitable for controlling the operations of a novel electro-optical hybrid translucent node which is a latency efficient technology capable of delivering a cost effective implementation suitable for large scale deployment.

Share and Cite:

S. Iyer and S. Prakash Singh, "A Novel Optical Control Plane for Switching an Electro-Optical Hybrid Node in Translucent WDM Optical Networks," Communications and Network, Vol. 5 No. 1, 2013, pp. 57-68. doi: 10.4236/cn.2013.51006.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] C. V. Saradhi, S. Zaks, R. Fedrizzi, A. Zanardi and E. Salvadori, “Practical and Deployment Issues to Be Considered in Regenerator Placement and Operation of Translucent Optical Networks,” Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), Munich, 27 June-1 July 2012, pp. 1-4. doi:10.1109/ICTON.2010.5549297
[2] J. Berthold, A. Saleh, L. Blair and J. Simmons, “Optical networking: Past, Present, and Future,” IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 26, No. 9, 2008, pp. 1104-1118. doi:10.1109/JLT.2008.923609
[3] G. Shen and R. S. Tucker, “Translucent Optical Networks: The Way Forward,” IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol. 45, No. 2, 2007, pp. 48-54. doi:10.1109/MCOM.2007.313394
[4] S. P. Singh, S. Iyer, S. Kar and V. K. Jain, “Study on Mitigation of Transmission Impairments and Issues and Challenges with PLIA-RWA in Optical WDM Networks,” Journal of Optical Communications, De-Gruyter, Vol. 33, No. 2, 2012, pp. 83-101. doi:10.1515/joc-2012-0015
[5] S. Iyer and S. P. Singh, “A Novel Offline PLI-RWA and Hybrid Node Architecture for Zero Blocking and Time Delay Reduction in Translucent Optical WDM Networks,” Communications and Networks, Scientific Research, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2012, pp. 306-321. doi:10.4236/cn.2012.44036
[6] S. Iyer and S. P. Singh, “A Novel Hybrid Node Architecture for Reducing Time Delay in Wavelength Division Multiplexed Translucent Network,” Proceedings of IEEE National Conference on Communication (NCC), Kharagpur, 3-5 February 2012, pp. 1-5. doi:10.1109/NCC.2012.6176843
[7] N. Sambo, N. Andriolli, A. Giorgetti, I. Cerutti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi and F. Cugini, “GMPLS-Controlled Dynamic Translucent Optical Networks,” IEEE Network, Vol. 23, No. 3, 2009, pp. 34-40. doi:10.1109/MNET.2009.4939261
[8] R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Comellas and G. Junyent, “Challenges and Requirements for Introducing Impairment-Awareness into the Management and Control Planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM Networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol. 44, No. 12, 2006, pp. 76-85. doi:10.1109/MCOM.2006.273103
[9] E. Salvadori, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, A. Zanardi, H. Woesner, M. Carcagnì, G. Galimberti, G. Martinelli, A. Tanzi and D. La Fauci, “Distributed Optical Control Plane Architectures for Handling Transmission Impairments in Transparent Optical Networks,” IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 27, No. 13, 2009, pp. 2224-2239. doi:10.1109/JLT.2008.2006066
[10] F. Cugini, N. Sambo, N. Andriolli, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, E. Le Rouzic and J. Poirrier, “Enhancing GMPLS Signalling Protocol for Encompassing Quality of Transmission (QoT) in All-Optical Networks,” IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 26, No. 19, 2008, pp. 3318-3328. doi:10.1109/JLT.2008.925674
[11] N. Sambo, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi and P. Castoldi, “Lightweight RSVP-TE Extensions to Account for shared Regenerators in Translucent Optical Networks,” Proceedings of IEEE Photonics in Switching (PIS), San Francisco, 2007, pp. 35-36. doi:10.1109/PS.2007.4300731
[12] F. Cugini, N. Sambo, N. Andriolli, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, E. L. Rouzic and J. Poirrier, “GMPLS Extensions to Encompass Shared Regenerators in Transparent Optical Networks,” Proceedings of IEEE European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, 16-20 September 2007, pp. 1-2.
[13] L. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao and W. Gu, “Study of Optical Control Plane for Translucent WDM Networks,” Photonic Network Communications, Vol. 20, No. 1, 2012, pp. 64-74. doi:10.1007/s11107-010-0246-2
[14] D. Li, Y. Lee, and J. Gao, “Evaluation of IGP Extensions for Wavelength Switching Optical Networks,” IETF Internet Draft, 2007, pp. 1-16. http://tools.ietf.org/pdf/draft-li-ccamp-wson-igp-eval-01.pdf
[15] S. Iyer and S. P. Singh, “Impact of Combined Nonlinearities and ASE Noise on Performance of 10 Gbps All Optical Star WDM Networks,” Scientific Research, Communications and Network, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2011, pp. 235-249. doi:10.4236/cn.2011.34028
[16] B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. P. Heritage and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of Transmission Impairments on the Teletraffic Performance of Wavelength-Routed Optical Networks,” IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 17, No. 10, 1999, pp. 1713-1723. doi:10.1109/50.793740
[17] S. P. Singh, S. Kar and V. K. Jain, “Performance of All-Optical WDM Network in Presence of Four-Wave Mixing, Optical Amplifier Noise, and Wavelength Converter Noise,” Fiber & Integrated Optics, Vol. 26, No. 2, 2007, pp. 79-97. doi:10.1080/01468030601131477
[18] K. J. Kwak and E. G. Coffman, “Retransmission in OBS Networks with Fiber Delay Lines,” Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks and Systems (BROADNETS), Raleigh, 10-14 September 2007, pp. 243-249. doi:10.1109/BROADNETS.2007.4550431
[19] MRV Communications, “The Low Latency Network Design Considerations,” White Paper, MRV-AN-Low Latency, Optical Communication Systems, 2010. http://www.mrv.com/library/docs/PDF72/MRV-WP Low-Latency.pdf
[20] J. He, M. Brandt-Pearce and S. Subramaniam, “QoS-Aware Wavelength Assignment with BER and Latency Guarantees for Crosstalk Limited Networks,” Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), Glasgow, 24-28 June 2007, pp. 2336-2341. doi:10.1109/ICC.2007.392

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.