Do Anthropometric Measures Influence Torso Muscle Endurance Profiles of Children Aged 7 to 14?


The aim of this study was to investigate whether torso endurance scores were linked with anthropometric variables in children and to develop a normative scale of anthropometric measures in children in both genders for clinical assessment, rehabilitation, physical education targets and young athletic training purposes. It was hypothesized that changes in anthropometric measures through ages 7 to 14 influence endurance scores in both subsets. It was also hypothesized that boys and girls differ in the relationships between torso muscle endurance and anthropometric measures. Reduced torso muscle endurance has been identified as a potential personal risk factor for developing low back pain and decreased athletic performance. However, torso muscle endurance data in children is lacking. Further, given that endurance tests require postures where the body is supported horizontally, it makes sense that anthropometric variables would influence endurance. Isometric torso muscle endurance scores established through four tests were performed in random order by healthy children. These were correlated with anthropometric dimensions. Seven hundred and fifty-three children from one elementary school (394 boys and 359 girls) were grouped into 8 age strata (7 to 14). Each age stratum had different number of participants for boys and girls. Four tests established isometric torso muscle endurance: Biering-Sorensen test for extensor endurance, flexor endurance test and right and left side bridge tests. The mean, standard deviation of the endurance tests and anthropometric measures were determined for each gender/age strata. The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were determined between the anthropometric dimensions and isometric torso endurance scores for each gender/age strata. Variance in endurance scores were not well explained by anthropometric measures. Variables other than segment length and circumference influence torso endurance as children grow and develop. Given links to future back pain and athletic performance, more investigation would be justified.

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Dejanovic, A. , Harvey, E. , Andersen, J. & McGill, S. (2012). Do Anthropometric Measures Influence Torso Muscle Endurance Profiles of Children Aged 7 to 14?. Advances in Physical Education, 2, 187-196. doi: 10.4236/ape.2012.24032.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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