Global Attractor for a Non-Autonomous Beam Equation


This work studies the global attractor for the process generated by a non-autonomous beam equation utt+△2u+ηut-[β(t)+M(∫Ω|▽u(x,t)|2dx)] △u+g(u, t)=f (x,t) Based on a time-uniform priori estimate method, we first in the space H02(Ω) ×L2(Ω) establish a time-uniform priori estimate of the solution u to the equation, and conclude the existence of bounded absorbing set. When the external term f (x,t) is time-periodic, the continuous semigroup of solution is proved to possess a global attractor.

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Y. Ren and J. Zhang, "Global Attractor for a Non-Autonomous Beam Equation," Advances in Pure Mathematics, Vol. 2 No. 5, 2012, pp. 358-362. doi: 10.4236/apm.2012.25052.

1. Introduction

Let be an open bounded connected domain in with smooth boundary. In this work, we are devoted to the investigation of the following problem for a perturbed non-autonomous beam equation


with the following initial and boundary conditions



where denotes a real-valued unknown function, and describes the transversal motion of the non-autonomous beam.

and is the time-periodic external force.

System (1)-(3) is derived from the vibrations of an non-autonomous beam equation, and its dynamical setting is presented by Woinowsky-Krieger [1] as the new idea in fields of J. Appl. Mech. For the non-autonomous wave equations, there are many interesting results were published focusing different respects (see [2,3]). The focus of this work is the study of the long-term properties of the dynamical system generated by global attractor, please refer the reader to [4,5] and references therein.

This paper is organized as follows. In Section 2, we introduce the main assumptions and discuss the existence of a family of solution operators to the problem (1)-(3). Section 3 is devoted to the existence of the bounded absorbing set. In Section 4, we show the continuity of the semigroup operator. Finally, in Section 5, the global attractor is obtained.

2. Assumptions and the Existence of the Solution Operators S(t, τ)

Firstly, we assume that the nonlinear functions satisfied the following conditions. Namely, there exist two constants such that

(H1) (4)

(H2) (5)

(H3) (6)

(H4) (7)

For simplicity, we define


with the usual notation, we write and the scalar products and norms on and, respectively

For the linear self-adjoint and positive operator, let us write,.

The space is dense in. Next, we define the power of, , which operate on the spaces, and write, which turns out to be a Hilbert space with the inner product and the norm

and is an isomorphism from onto,.

From the Poincaré inequality, there exists the constant, such that:

where is the first-eigenvalue of. For, we consider the abstract Cauchy problem on in the unknown variables


The following well-posedness result holds.

Theorem 1. Suppose that and the conditions (4)-(7) hold. If the nonlinear functions . Then, for any initial value is given in, problem (8) admits a unique solution in the class


Furthermore, calling the difference of any two solutions corresponding to initial data having norm less than or equal to, there exists such that


We omit the proof, based on a standard FeadoGalerkin approximation procedure together with a slight generalization of the usual Gronwall’s lemma. Theorem 1 translates into the existence of the solution operators

acting as

Remark 1. In the non-autonomous case, namely, when both and are time-dependent, the two-parameter family fulfills the semigroup property


is the identity operator,.

Thus, is a continuous semigroup of operators on.

3. The Absorbing Set

In this section, we prove the existence of an absorbing set for the semigroup. Combining with (4) and (5), there exist two constants such that 



Lemma 1. Under the hypotheses of Theorem 1, For the ball, , centered at 0 of radius M, is an absorbing set for the semigroup in E.

Proof. Let us begin with be fixed and is chosen such that. We set

and rewrite (1) as follows


Taking the scalar product in H of (12) with, and we obtain the desired form


Using the Hölder inequality and the Poincaré inequality, we have the estimate


Exploiting (11), we lead to




where. From (13)-(16), it follows that


So, in the light of condition (10), we have

Taking, we obtain



Applying the Gronwall’s Lemma, we obtain the following absorbing inequality





Obviously,. Furthermore, let us denote be a bounded closed ball of centered at 0 with radius

So, is a bounded absorbing set of analytic semigroup of (1)-(3). We complete the proof.

4. Continuity of the Semigroup

In this section, we prove the continuity of the semigroup in. For this reason, we assume


Lemma 2. Under the hypotheses of Theorem 1, the mapping, for, is continuous in, and the semigroup associated with the initial-boundary value problem (1) is a -semigroup in.

Proof. Assume that be a bounded positive invariant set for, and initial-data . Let be the two corresponding solutions of (1).

Assume. We claim that the proof is similar to the Lemma 1. Then, from (1) we have


By multiplying (21) by and integrating over, we find


Next, we are devoted to estimate (22). By the same method that we obtained (14), it follows that


And, according to (20), for, there exists a constant, such that 


By (24) and the Sobolev embedding theorem, we can obtain are uniformly bounded in, that is, there exists a constant, such that


From (24), (25), it follows that



Meanwhile, we know easily


Due to the continuity of, we can note the fact that

We see that easily


This implies



Combining with (27) and (28), it is obtained directly


Thanks to (22)-(29), and the usual Gronwall’s Lemma, we have

So we complete the proof.

5. Existence of the Global Attractor

Theorem 2. Under the hypotheses of Theorem 1, the semigroup associated with the initial-boundary value problem (1) possesses a global attractor in which attracts all bounded subsets of.

Proof. Let be a solution of (12) with initial value, for any, and, it can be decomposed into where , satisfy, respectively,




Applying two lemmas showed below. We also define a new inner product and norm in. Obviously, by embedding theorem, (30) are easily concluded through some simple computation. It is sufficient to prove that is asymptotically smooth in.

Taking the inner product in of (12) with , we obtain

According to the uniform boundedness of in space, the Sobolev Embedding theorem and the Gromwall’s Lemma, combining with Lemma 1, we have the conclusion similar to below,. Thus, this leads to possesses a global attractor in which attracts all bounded subsets of. So we end the proof.


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Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] S. Woinowsky-Krieger, “The Effect of Axial Force on the Vibration of Hinged Bars,” Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 17, 1950, pp. 35-36.
[2] O. F. Ma, S. H. Wang and C. K. Zhong, “Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for the Existence of Global Attractor for Semigroup and Application,” Indiana University Mathematics Journal, Vol. 51, 2002, pp.
[3] R. Temam, “Infinite Dimensional Dynamical System in Mechanics and Physical,” 2nd Edition, Spring-Verlag, Nork York, 1997.
[4] Q. Z. Ma and C. K. Zhong, “Existence of Strong Global Attractors for Hyperbolic Equation with Linear Memory,” Applied Mathematics and Computation, Vol. 157, No. 1, 2004, pp. 745-758. doi:10.1016/j.amc.2003.08.080
[5] Q. Z. Ma and C. K. Zhong, “Global Attractors of strong Solutions for Nonclassical Diffusion Equation,” Journal of Lanzhou University, Vol. 40, 2004, pp. 7-9.

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