Towards High Quality VoIP in 3G Networks An Empirical Approach


Third generation (3G) packet switched WCDMA networks with high-speed downlink packet access (HSPDA) are currently being deployed worldwide to provide wireless broadband connectivity. When introducing HSDPA in 3G networks the end user experience and system capacity with voice over IP applications improve considerably. When later on adding also high-speed packet uplink access (HSUPA), the system capacity and end user experience will improve even further. This paper analyzes with measurements the VoIP quality over current Release 5 HSDPA networks. VoIP is expected to be a widely used application over 3G data services. The results show that even though the introduction of HSDPA significantly reduces the user-to-user voice delay, the performance is satisfactory only for selected devices. Overall, the end user experience is still significantly worse than with circuit switched solutions and is not acceptable. The current limitations with VoIP in HSDPA networks with a too large delay can be improved by using the RLC UNACK mode, potentially decreasing the jitter buffer size and reducing the terminal processing delay. In the longer term, HSUPA and several features in 3GPP Release 7 standards will bring further performance improvements in both user plan latency and system capacity.

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A. ARJONA, C. WESTPHAL, A. YLA-JAASKI, M. KRISTENSSON and J. MANNER, "Towards High Quality VoIP in 3G Networks An Empirical Approach," International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, Vol. 1 No. 4, 2008, pp. 350-361. doi: 10.4236/ijcns.2008.14043.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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