Share This Article:

Development of a zoning management plan for petra archaeological park (PAP), Jordan

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:763KB) PP. 1040-1049
DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.312130    4,517 Downloads   9,018 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

As Petra is increasingly becoming a major tourism destination in Jordan, this underlies not only challenges to conserve the habitats and species in Petra but also offers great opportunities to promote academic research and investigation, demonstrate sustainable development and initiation of environmentally sound development and nature based tourism. This investigation is based on both desktop studies and field missions. The desktop part is relied on reviewing various studies and reports that highlighting natural resources in the area. Two field missions were conducted aiming to document various information from related authorities and institutions operating in Petra and also to undertake ground truthing of habitats and species information. The missions also included interviews with Park staff, representatives from ongoing projects and initiatives in Petra (Seyaha-USAID) and many locals belonging to various tribes in Wadi Musa and The Bdul. The study presents a synthesis to findings from these studies and visits. Broadly, the park can be zoned into three mega zones: 1) Wadi Arabah and the steep gorges to the west including the Artemisia and annual grasses steppe to the west, 2) Mountainous ridges and rocky slopes of the Mediterranean region located almost centrally in the park and at the southern limit and part of the eastern borders and 3) Central basin and steep limestone scarps and weathered sandstone. Based on lists of key and indicator species, some key/sensitive sites of conservation value have been suggested. Aspects of grazing, agricultural activities, tourism and water resources and their implications on management schemes have been discussed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Damhoureyeh, S. , Disi, A. , Al-Khader, I. and Abu-Dieyeh, M. (2011) Development of a zoning management plan for petra archaeological park (PAP), Jordan. Natural Science, 3, 1040-1049. doi: 10.4236/ns.2011.312130.

References

[1] MMRAE (Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs and the Environment) (1991) National environment strategy for Jordan: A resource book of information and guidelines for action. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, 205 Pages.
[2] MMRAE (Ministry of Municipalities, Rural Affairs and Environment) (2002) Jordan agenda 21: Towards sustainable development. MMRAE/UNDP/Capacity 21, 212 Pages.
[3] Hatough-Bouran, A. and Disi, A.M. (1991) History, distribution, and conservation of large mammals and their habitats in Jordan. Environment Conservation, 18, 19-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0376892900021251
[4] Disi, A. and Oran, R. (1995) Biodiversity of Jordan, faunal biodiversity. Third Jordanian Scientific Week. Earth Resources towards Better Use, 5, Ecology: 27-60 (in Arabic).
[5] GCEP (General Corporation for Environmental Protection) (1998) Jordan country study on biological diversity. With technical support from UNEP and funding from GEF, Amman, Jordan, 72 Pages.
[6] Poore, M. and Robertson, V. (1964) An approach to the rapid description and mapping of biological habitats based on a survey of the Hashemite Kingdom by Hunting Technical Services Ltd. and on the work of the British, Jordan expedition, 1963, Sub-Commission on Conservation of terrestrial Biological communities. International Biological Programme (C/O the Nature Conservancy, 19 Belgrave Square, London S.W.I), 68 Pages.
[7] Al-Eisawi, D.M. (1985) Vegetation of Jordan. In: Hadidi, A. Ed., Studies in the History and Archaeology of Jordan, I, Department of Antiquities, Amman, Jordan, 45-56.
[8] Disi, A. and Amr, Z. (1998) Distribution and ecology of Lizards in Jordan (Retilia: Sauria). Faunistische Abhandlungen, steatliches Museuem fur Tierkunde. Dresden, 21 (suppl.). In: Frittz, U., Obst, F.J. and Andreas, B., Eds., Herpetologia Arabica, 6, 34-66.
[9] Albert, R., Bibiane, B. and Watzka, M. (2004) Zur Vegetation und Flora Jordaniens. In: Waitzbauer, W., Albert, A., Petutrschnig, B., Aubrecht, G., Eds., Reise Durch Die Natur Jordaniens. Denesia, 14, 133-220.
[10] Ruben, I. and Disi, A.M. (2006) Field guide to the plants and animals of Petra. Petra National Trust, 224 Pages.
[11] GCEP (General Corporation for Environmental Protection) (2000a) Jordan country study on biological Diversity, Plant Biodiversity and Taxonomy. With technical support from UNEP and funding from GEF, Amman, Jordan, 72 Pages.
[12] Oran, S. (1995) Vascular plants of Shoubak Province. Dirasat, 23, 393-408.
[13] Oran, S. (1997) Plant diversity in Petra. Damascus University Journal, 13, 153-165.
[14] GCEP (General Corporation for Environmental Protection) (2000c) Jordan country study on biological diversity: Mammals of Jordan. With technical support from UNEP and funding from GEF, Amman, Jordan, 100 Pages.
[15] Disi, A.M. and Hatough-Bouran, A. (1999) Biodiversity of the terrestrial vertebrate fauna of Petra (Jordan). Caspopis Narodniho Muzea, Rada Prirodovedna. Journal of the National Museum Natural History, Series, Prague 168, 83-98.
[16] GCEP (General Corporation for Environmental Protection) (2000b) Jordan Country Study on Biological Diversity: Jordan Ecology, Ecosystems, and Habitats. With technical support from UNEP and funding from GEF. Amman, Jordan, 72 Pages.
[17] Disi, A.M. (2002) Jordan Country Study on Biological Diversity—Herpetofauna of Jordan. With technical support from the United General Corporation for Environmental Protection.1998. Jordan Country Study on Biological Diversity. With Technical Support from UNEP and funding from GEF. Amman. Jordan. 416 Pages.
[18] RSCN (Royal Society for Conservation of Nature) (2000) Important bird areas of Jordan. RSCN, Birdlife International. Amman, Jordan, 170 Pages.
[19] Andrews, I.J. (1995) The birds of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, 185 Pages.
[20] Disi, A.M., Hatough-Bopuran, A. and Shafei, D.M. (1998) Birds of Petra Area: Jordan. Dirasat. Natural and Engineering Sciences, 25, 434-444.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.