RETRACTED: Organic Carbon Storage in the Tropical Peat Soils and Its Impact on Climate Change

DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2019.81006   PDF   HTML     845 Downloads   2,073 Views   Citations

Abstract

Short Retraction Notice

Due to conflicts of interest among authors, this article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. Aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused. The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper which is marked "RETRACTED".

Share and Cite:

  

Conflicts of Interest

There is no conflict of interest among the authors.

References

[1] Brady, N. and Weil, R. (1999) The Nature and Properties of Soil. 12th Edition, Prentice-Hall Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
[2] Farmer, J., Matthews, R., Smith, J.U., Smith, P. and Ksingh, B. (2011) Assessing Existing Peatland Models for Their Applicability for Modelling Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Tropical Peat Soils. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 3, 339-349.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2011.08.010
[3] Farmer, J., Matthews, R., Smith, P. and Smith, J.U. (2014) The Tropical Peatland Plantation-Carbon Assessment Tool: Estimating CO2 Emissions from Tropical Peat Soils under Plantations. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 19, 863-885.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-013-9517-4
[4] Zaman, S., Rajonee, A.A. and Huq, S.M.I. (2017) Arsenic in Bangladesh Soils and Its Relationship with Water Soluble Soil Organic Carbon. Open Journal of Soil Science, 7, 77.
https://doi.org/10.4236/ojss.2017.74006
[5] Wiesmeier, M., Urbanski, L., Hobley, E., Lang, B., Lützow, M., Marin-Spiotta, E., et al., (2019) Soil Organic Carbon Storage as a Key Function of Soils: A Review of Drivers and Indicators at Various Scales. Geoderma, 333, 149-162.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.07.026
[6] Change, I.P.O.C. (2006) 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
[7] Batjes, N.H. (1996) Total Carbon and Nitrogen in the Soils of the World. European Journal of Soil Science, 47, 151-163.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1996.tb01386.x
[8] Eswaran, H., Van Den Berg, E. and Reich, P. (1993) Organic Carbon in Soils of the World. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 57, 192-194.
https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1993.03615995005700010034x
[9] Buckman, H.O. and Brady, N.C. (1960) The Nature and Properties of Soils. Soil Science, 90, 212.
https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-196009000-00018
[10] Gao, C., Knorr, K.-H., Yu, Z.G., He, J.B., Zhang, S.Q., Lu, X.G., et al. (2016) Black Carbon Deposition and Storage in Peat Soils of the Changbai Mountain, China. Geoderma, 273, 98-105.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.03.021
[11] Munro, D.S. (1984) Summer Soil Moisture Content and the Water Table in a Forested Wetland Peat. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 14, 331-335.
https://doi.org/10.1139/x84-061
[12] Nuri, A.S.M., Gandaseca, S., Ahmed, O.H. and Ab. Majid, N.M. (2011) Effect of Tropical Peat Swamp Forest Clearing on Soil Carbon Storage. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 6, 80-83.
https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2011.80.83
[13] Rezanezhad, F., Price, J.S., Quinton, W.L., Lennartz, B., Milojevic, T. and Van Cappellen, P. (2016) Structure of Peat Soils and Implications for Water Storage, Flow and Solute Transport: A Review Update for Geochemists. Chemical Geology, 429, 75-84.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2016.03.010
[14] Satrio, A.E., Gandaseca, S., Ahmed, O.H. and Ab. Majid, N.M. (2009) Effect of Precipitation Fluctuation on Soil Carbon Storage of a Tropical Peat Swamp Forest. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 6, 1484-1488.
https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2009.1484.1488
[15] Satrio, A.E., Gandaseca, S., Ahmed, O.H. and Ab. Majid, N.M. (2009) Influence of Chemical Properties on Soil Carbon Storage of a Tropical Peat Swamp Forest. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 6, 1970-1973.
https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2009.1969.1972
[16] Satrio, A.E., Gandaseca, S., Ahmed, O.H. and Ab. Majid, N.M. (2009) Effect of Logging Operation on Soil Carbon Storage of a Tropical Peat Swamp Forest. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 5, 748-752.
https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2009.748.752
[17] Satrio, A.E., Gandaseca, S., Ahmed, O.H. and Majid, N.M.A. (2009) Effect of Skidding Operations on Soil Carbon Storage of a Tropical Peat Swamp Forest. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 5, 722-726.
https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2009.722.726
[18] Yudina, N.V. and Inisheva, L.I. (2004) Changes in Peat Composition and Properties under Different Storage Conditions. Eurasian Soil Science, 37, 1229-1233.
[19] Immirzi, C., Maltby, E. and Clymo, R. (1992) The Global Status of Peatlands and Their Role in Carbon Cycling. A Report for Friends of the Earth by the Wetland Ecosystems Research Group, Department of Geography, University of Exeter. Friends of the Earth, London.
[20] Rieley, J. and Ahmad-Shah, A. (1996) The Vegetation of Tropical Peat Swamp Forests. Proceedings of Workshop on Integrated Planning and Management of Tropical Lowland Peatlands, Cisarua, 3-8 July 1992, 55-74.
[21] Gorham, E. (1991) Northern Peatlands: Role in the Carbon Cycle and Probable Responses to Climatic Warming. Ecological Applications, 1, 182-195.
https://doi.org/10.2307/1941811
[22] Bridgham, S.D., Johnston, C.A. and Pastor, J. (1995) Potential Feedbacks of Northern Wetlands on Climate Change. BioScience, 45, 262-274.
https://doi.org/10.2307/1312419
[23] Limpens, J., Berendse, F., Blodau, C., Canadell, J.G., Freeman, C., Holden, J., et al. (2008) Peatlands and the Carbon Cycle: From Local Processes to Global Implications—A Synthesis. Biogeosciences, 5, 1475-1491.
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-5-1475-2008
[24] Donato, D.C., Kauffman, J.B., Murdiyarso, D., Kurnianto, S., Stidham, M. and Kanninen, M. (2011) Mangroves among the Most Carbon-Rich Forests in the Tropics. Nature Geoscience, 4, 293-297.
https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1123
[25] Zhu, E., Deng, J.S., Zhou, M.M., Gan, M.Y., Jiang, R.W., Wang, K., et al. (2019) Carbon Emissions Induced by Land-Use and Land-Cover Change from 1970 to 2010 in Zhejiang, China. Science of the Total Environment, 646, 930-939.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.317
[26] Zhang, Y. and Liang, A. (2018) No-Tillage with Continuous Maize Cropping Enhances Soil Aggregation and Organic Carbon Storage in Northeast China. Geoderma, 330, 204-211.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.05.037
[27] Yang, X., Song, Z.L., Liu, H.Y., Van Zwieten, L., Song, A.L., Li, Z.M., et al. (2018) Phytolith Accumulation in Broadleaf and Conifer Forests of Northern China: Implications for Phytolith Carbon Sequestration. Geoderma, 312, 36-44.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.10.005
[28] Wang, X., Sanderman, J. and Yoo, K. (2018) Climate-Dependent Topographic Effects on Pyrogenic Soil Carbon in Southeastern Australia. Geoderma, 322, 121-130.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.02.025
[29] Metcalfe, D.B., Rocha, W., Balch, J.K., Brando, P.M., Doughty, C.E. and Malhi, Y. (2018) Impacts of Fire on Sources of Soil CO2 Efflux in a Dry Amazon Rain Forest. Global Change Biology, 24, 3629-3641.
https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14305
[30] Huang, J., Minasny, B., McBratney, A.B., Padarian, J. and Triantafilis, J. (2018) The Location- and Scale-Specific Correlation between Temperature and Soil Carbon Sequestration across the Globe. Science of the Total Environment, 615, 540-548.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.09.136
[31] Begum, K., Kuhnert, M., Yeluripati, J., Ogle, S., Parton, W., Kader, M.A., et al. (2018) Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration and Mitigation Potential in a Rice Cropland in Bangladesh—A Modelling Approach. Field Crops Research, 226, 16-27.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2018.07.001
[32] Webb, E.E., Heard, K., Natali, S.M., Bunn, A.G., Alexander, H.D., Berner, L.T., et al. (2017) Variability in Above- and Belowground Carbon Stocks in a Siberian Larch Watershed. Biogeosciences, 14, 4279-4294.
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-4279-2017
[33] Scharenbroch, B.C., Bialecki, M.B. and Fahey, R.T. (2017) Distribution and Factors Controlling Soil Organic Carbon in the Chicago Region, Illinois, USA. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 81, 1436-1449.
https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2017.03.0087
[34] Qiu, L., Hao, M. and Wu, Y. (2017) Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Carbon Dynamics in a Rain-Fed Agro-Ecosystem on the Loess Plateau of China. Science of the Total Environment, 577, 267-278.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.10.178
[35] Grellier, S., Janeau, J.-L., Nhon, D.H., Cuc, K.N.T., Quynh, L.T.P., et al. (2017) Changes in Soil Characteristics and C Dynamics after Mangrove Clearing (Vietnam). Science of the Total Environment, 593, 654-663.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.204
[36] Cardinael, R., Chevallier, T., Cambou, A., Béral, C., Barthès, B.G., Dupraz, C., et al. (2017) Increased Soil Organic Carbon Stocks under Agroforestry: A Survey of Six Different Sites in France. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 236, 243-255.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2016.12.011
[37] Feng, J.L., Hu, H.P. and Chen, F. (2016) An Eolian Deposit-Buried Soil Sequence in an Alpine Soil on the Northern Tibetan Plateau: Implications for Climate Change and Carbon Sequestration. Geoderma, 266, 14-24.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2015.12.005
[38] Andriamananjara, A., Hewson, J., Razakamanarivo, H., Andrisoa, R.H., Ranaivoson, N., Ramboatian, N., et al. (2016) Land Cover Impacts on Aboveground and Soil Carbon Stocks in Malagasy Rainforest. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 233, 1-15.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2016.08.030
[39] Wiesmeier, M., Causeret, F., Diman, J.L., Publicol, M., Desfontaines, L. and Cavalier, A. (2015) Carbon Storage Capacity of Semi-Arid Grassland Soils and Sequestration Potentials in Northern China. Global Change Biology, 21, 3836-3845.
https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12957
[40] Sierra, J., et al. (2015) Observed and Predicted Changes in Soil Carbon Stocks under Export and Diversified Agriculture in the Caribbean. The Case Study of Guadeloupe. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 213, 252-264.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.08.015
[41] Sepulveda-Jauregui, A., Walter Anthony, K.M., Martinez-Cruz, K., Greene, S. and Thalasso, F. (2015) Methane and Carbon Dioxide Emissions from 40 Lakes along a North-South Latitudinal Transect in Alaska. Biogeosciences, 12, 3197-3223.
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-3197-2015
[42] Gray, J.M., Bishop, T.F.A. and Wilson, B.R. (2015) Factors Controlling Soil Organic Carbon Stocks with Depth in Eastern Australia. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 79, 1741-1751.
https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2015.06.0224
[43] Fujisaki, K., Perrin, A.-S., Desjardins, T., Bernoux, M., Balbino, L.C. and Brossard, M. (2015) From Forest to Cropland and Pasture Systems: A Critical Review of Soil Organic Carbon Stocks Changes in Amazonia. Global Change Biology, 21, 2773-2786.
https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12906
[44] Baah-Acheamfour, M., Chang, S.X., Carlyle, C.N. and Bork, E.W. (2015) Carbon Pool Size and Stability Are Affected by Trees and Grassland Cover Types within Agroforestry Systems of Western Canada. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 213, 105-113.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.07.016
[45] Ullah, M.R. and Al-Amin, M. (2012) Above- and Below-Ground Carbon Stock Estimation in a Natural Forest of Bangladesh. Journal of Forest Science, 58, 372-379.
https://doi.org/10.17221/103/2011-JFS
[46] Kauffman, J.B., Heider, C., Cole, T.G., Dwire, K.A. and Donato, D.C. (2011) Ecosystem Carbon Stocks of Micronesian Mangrove Forests. Wetlands, 31, 343-352.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s13157-011-0148-9
[47] Hassan, M., et al. (2018) Investigating the Soil Carbon Storage Dynamic and Sequestration Potentiality in the Tropical Coral Island (St. Martin) of Bay of Bengal. Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, 6, 1-9.
https://doi.org/10.9734/AJEE/2018/39754
[48] Minasny, B., Malone, B.P., McBratney, A.B., Angers, D.A., Arrouays, D., Chambers, A., et al. (2017) Soil Carbon 4 Per Mille. Geoderma, 292, 59-86.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.01.002
[49] Yang, Y., Mohammat, A., Feng, J., Zhou, R. and Fang, J. (2007) Storage, Patterns and Environmental Controls of Soil Organic Carbon in China. Biogeochemistry, 84, 131-141.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-007-9109-z
[50] Adhikari, K., Hartemink, A.E., Minasny, B., Kheir, R.B., Greve, M.B. and Greve, M.H. (2014) Digital Mapping of Soil Organic Carbon Contents and Stocks in Denmark. PLoS ONE, 9, e105519.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0105519
[51] Wu, H., Guo, Z. and Peng, C. (2003) Land Use Induced Changes of Organic Carbon Storage in Soils of China. Global Change Biology, 9, 305-315.
https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2486.2003.00590.x
[52] Cao, Q., Wang, H., Zhang, Y.R., Lal, R., Wang, R.Q., Ge, X.L., et al. (2017) Factors Affecting Distribution Patterns of Organic Carbon in Sediments at Regional and National Scales in China. Scientific Reports, 7, Article No. 5497.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-06035-z
[53] Atwood, T.B., Connolly, R.M., Almahasheer, H., Carnell, P.E., Duarte, C.M., Lewis, C.J.E., et al. (2017) Global Patterns in Mangrove Soil Carbon Stocks and Losses. Nature Climate Change, 7, 523-528.
https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3326
[54] Yue, H., Wang, M.M., Wang, S.P., Gilbert, J.A., Sun, X., Wu, L.W., et al. (2015) The Microbe-Mediated Mechanisms Affecting Topsoil Carbon Stock in Tibetan Grasslands. The ISME Journal, 9, 2012-2020.
https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2015.19
[55] Tran, D.B., Hoang, T.V. and Dargusch, P. (2015) An Assessment of the Carbon Stocks and Sodicity Tolerance of Disturbed Melaleuca Forests in Southern Vietnam. Carbon Balance and Management, 10, 15.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13021-015-0025-6
[56] Maitra, M.K., Islam, M.A. and Al Mamun, M. (2014) Thickness, Distribution and Quality Assessment of Gopalganj-Madaripur Peat Deposits: A Case Study of Potential Economic Opportunities in Mid-Eastern Low-Lying Bangladesh. International Journal of Geosciences, 5, 943-955.
https://doi.org/10.4236/ijg.2014.59081
[57] Hergoualc’h, K. and Verchot, L.V. (2011) Stocks and Fluxes of Carbon Associated with Land Use Change in Southeast Asian Tropical Peatlands: A Review. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25, GB2001.
https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GB003718
[58] Murdiyarso, D., Hergoualc’h, K. and Verchot, L. (2010) Opportunities for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Tropical Peatlands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107, 19655-19660.
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0911966107
[59] Islam, M.A., Hasan, M.A. and Farukh, M.A. (2017) Application of GIS in General Soil Mapping of Bangladesh. Journal of Geographic Information System, 9, 604-621.
https://doi.org/10.4236/jgis.2017.95038
[60] Jiang, X., Haddix, M.L. and Cotrufo, M.F. (2019) Interactions between Aged Biochar, Fresh Low Molecular Weight Carbon and Soil Organic Carbon after 3.5 Years Soil-Biochar Incubations. Geoderma, 333, 99-107.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.07.016
[61] Wang, X., Yoo, K., Wackett, A.A., Gutknecht, J., Amundson, R. and Heimsath, A. (2018) Soil Organic Carbon and Mineral Interactions on Climatically Different Hillslopes. Geoderma, 322, 71-80.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.02.021
[62] Song, M., Guo, Y., Yu, F.H., Zhang, X.Z., Cao, J.M. and Cornelissen, J.H.C. (2018) Shifts in Priming Partly Explain Impacts of Long-Term Nitrogen Input in Different Chemical Forms on Soil Organic Carbon Storage. Global Change Biology, 24, 4160-4172.
https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14304
[63] Nath, A.J., Brahma, B., Sileshi, G.W. and Das, A.K. (2018) Impact of Land Use Changes on the Storage of Soil Organic Carbon in Active and Recalcitrant Pools in a Humid Tropical Region of India. Science of the Total Environment, 624, 908-917.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.199
[64] Gutiérrez del Arroyo, O. and Silver, W.L. (2018) Disentangling the Long-Term Effects of Disturbance on Soil Biogeochemistry in a Wet Tropical Forest Ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 24, 1673-1684.
https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14027
[65] Eleftheriadis, A., Lafuente, F. and Turrión, M.-B. (2018) Effect of Land Use, Time since Deforestation and Management on Organic C and N in Soil Textural Fractions. Soil and Tillage Research, 183, 1-7.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2018.05.012
[66] Chatterjee, N., Nair, V.D. and Mohan Kumar, B. (2018) Changes in Soil Carbon Stocks across the Forest-Agroforest-Agriculture/Pasture Continuum in Various Agroecological Regions: A Meta-Analysis. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 266, 55-67.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2018.07.014
[67] Bischoff, N., Mikutta, R., Shibistova, O., Dohrmann, R., Herdtle, D., Gerhard, L., et al. (2018) Organic Matter Dynamics along a Salinity Gradient in Siberian Steppe Soils. Biogeosciences, 15, 13-29.
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-13-2018
[68] Hobley, E., Baldock, J., Hua, Q. and Wilson, B. (2017) Land-Use Contrasts Reveal Instability of Subsoil Organic Carbon. Global Change Biology, 23, 955-965.
https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13379
[69] Buczko, U., Köhler, S., Bahr, F., Scharnweber, T., Wilmking, M. and Jurasinski, G. (2017) Variability of Soil Carbon Stocks in a Mixed Deciduous Forest on Hydromorphic Soils. Geoderma, 307, 8-18.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.07.015
[70] Islam, M.A., Hasan, M.A. and Farukh, M.A. (2017) Application of GIS in General Soil Mapping of Bangladesh. Journal of Geographic Information System, 9, 604-621.
https://doi.org/10.4236/jgis.2017.95038
[71] Nelson, D. and Sommers, L.E. (1982) Total Carbon, Organic Carbon, and Organic Matter. In: In: Page, A.L., Miller, R.H. and Keeney, D.R., Eds., Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2, Chemical and Microbiological Properties, 539-579.
[72] Blake, G.R. and Hartge, K. (1986) Bulk Density. In: Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 1—Physical and Mineralogical Methods, 363-375.
[73] Chen, Y.-L. and Li, Q.-Z. (2007) Prediction of Apoptosis Protein Subcellular Location Using Improved Hybrid Approach and Pseudo-Amino Acid Composition. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 248, 377-381.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.05.019
[74] Zhang, X., Wang, H.L., He, L.Z., Lu, K.P., Sarmah, A., Li, J.W., et al. (2013) Using Biochar for Remediation of Soils Contaminated with Heavy Metals and Organic Pollutants. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20, 8472-8483.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-1659-0
[75] Rahman, M.R. (2005) Soils of Bangladesh. Darpon Publications, Dhaka.
[76] Hussain, M.S. (2003) Bangladesh Using Biochar for Remediation of Soils Contaminated with Heavy Metals and Organic Pollutants: In Quest of Resource Management Domains. Dept. of Soil, Water, and Environment, University of Dhaka, Dhaka.
[77] Hussain, M.S. (2002) Challenges of Sustainable Land Management in Bangladesh.
[78] Agus, F., Hairiah, K. and Mulyani, A. (2010) Measuring Carbon Stock in Peat Soils: Practical Guidelines. World Agroforestry Centre.
[79] Meersmans, J., De Ridder, F., Canters, F., De Baets, S. and Van Molle, M. (2008) A Multiple Regression Approach to Assess the Spatial Distribution of Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) at the Regional Scale (Flanders, Belgium). Geoderma, 143, 1-13.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2007.08.025
[80] Fontaine, S., Barot, S., Barré, P., Bdioui, N., Mary, B. and Rumpel, C. (2007) Stability of Organic Carbon in Deep Soil Layers Controlled by Fresh Carbon Supply. Nature, 450, 277-280.
https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06275
[81] Paradelo, R., Virto, I. and Chenu, C. (2015) Net effect of Liming on Soil Organic Carbon Stocks: A Review. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 202, 98-107.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.01.005

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.