RETRACTED: Analgesic Efficacy of the Erector Spinae Plane (ESP) Block for Pneumothorax Surgery: A Retrospective Study


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The paper does not meet the standards of "Open Journal of Anesthesiology".
This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. The aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.
Editor guiding this retraction: Dr. Praveen Kumar Neema (EiC of OJAnes). 
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Conflicts of Interest

The authors have no financial relationships to this study.


[1] Forero, M., Adhikary, S.D., Lopez, H., Tsui, C. and Chin, L.J. (2016) The Erector Spinae Plane Block: A Novel Analgesic Technique in Thoracic Neuropathic Pain. Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine, 41, 621-627.
[2] Chin, K.J., Malhas, L. and Perlas, A. (2017) The Erector Spinae Plane Block Provides Visceral Abdominal Analgesia in Bariatric Surgery: A Report of 3 Cases. Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine, 8, 10.
[3] De la Cuadra-Fontaine, J.C., Concha, M., Vuletin, F. and Arancibia, H. (2018) Continuous Erector Spinae Plane Block for Thoracic Surgery in a Pediatric Patient. Pediatric Anesthesia, 28, 74-75.
[4] Hernandez, M.A., Palazzi, L., Lapalma, J., Forero, M. and Chin, K.J. (2018) Erector Spinae Plane Block for Surgery of the Posterior Thoracic Wall in a Pediatric Patient. Regional Anesthesia Pain and Medicine, 43, 217-219.
[5] Munoz, F., Cubillos, J., Bonilla, A.J. and Chin, K.J. (2017) Erector Spinae Plane Block for Postoperative Analgesia in Pediatric Oncological Thoracic Surgery. Download PDF Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal Canadien D’anesthésie, 64, 880-882.
[6] Adhikary, S.D., Bernard, S., Lopez, H. and Chin, K.J. (2018) Erector Spinae Plane Block Versus Retrolaminar Block: A Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Anatomical Study. Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine, 43.
[7] Ivanusic, J., Konishi, Y. and Barrington, M.J. (2018) A Cadaveric Study Investigating the Mechanism of Action of Erector Spinae Blockade. Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine, 43.
[8] Gürkan, Y., Aksu, C., Kuş, A., Yörükoğlu, U.H. and Kılıç, C.T. (2018) Ultrasound Guided Erector Spinae Plane Block Reduces Postoperative Opioid Consumption Following Breast Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Study. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, 50, 65-68.
[9] Forero, M., Rajarathinam, M., Adhikary, S. and Chin, K.J. (2017) Erector Spinae Plane (ESP) Block in the Management of Post Thoracotomy Pain Syndrome: A Case Series. Scandinavian Journal of Pain, 17, 325-329.
[10] Chin, K.J., Adhikary, S., Sarwani, N. and Forero, M. (2017) The Analgesic Efficacy of Pre-Operative Bilateral Erector Spinae Plane (ESP) Blocks in Patients Having Ventral Hernia Repair. Anaesthesia, 72, 452-460.

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