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The Effect of Mass Ratio and Air Damper Characteristics on the Resonant Response of an Air Damped Dynamic Vibration Absorber

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DOI: 10.4236/mme.2011.12012    6,399 Downloads   12,259 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In this paper, it is shown that, a road vehicle 2DOF air damped quartercar suspension system can conveniently be transformed into a 2DOF air damped vibrating system representing an air damped dynamic vibration absorber (DVA) with an appropriate change in the ratio µ of the main mass and the absorber mass i.e. when mass ratio µ >> 1. Also the effect of variation of the mass ratio, air damping ratio and air spring rate ratio, on the motion transmissibility at the resonant frequency of the main mass of the DVA has been dis- cussed. It is shown that, as the air damping ratio in the absorber system increases, there is a substantial decrease in the motion transmissibility of the main mass system where the air damper has been modeled as a Maxwell type. Optimal value of the air damping ratio for the minimum motion transmissibility of the main mass of the system has been determined. An experimental setup has been designed and developed with a control system to vary air pressure in the damper in the absorber system. The motion transmissibility characteristics of the main mass system have been obtained, and the optimal value of the air damping ratio has been determined for minimum motion transmissibility of the main mass of the system

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

R. Todkar and S. Joshi, "The Effect of Mass Ratio and Air Damper Characteristics on the Resonant Response of an Air Damped Dynamic Vibration Absorber," Modern Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2011, pp. 93-103. doi: 10.4236/mme.2011.12012.

References

[1] R. A. Williams, 1994, “Electronically Controlled Automotive Suspension Systems,” Computing and Con-trol Engineering Journal, pp. 143-148.
[2] T. Asami and Nishihara, “Analytical and Experimental Evaluation of an Air Damped Dynamic Vibration Absorber: Design Optimizations of the Three-Element Type Model,” Transaction of the ASME, Vol. 121, 1999, pp. 334-342.
[3] R. D. Cavanaugh, “Hand Book of Shock and Vibration,” Chapter 33, Air Suspension Systems and Servo-control- led Isolation Systems ”, pp. 33-1 - 33-26.
[4] R. G. Todkar and S. G. Joshi, “Some Studies on Transmissibility Characteristics of a 2DOF Pneumatic Semi- active Suspension System”, Proc. Int. Conf. on Recent Trends in Mechanical Engineering , ICRTME , 4-6 October 2007, Ujjain Engineering College , Ujjain.
[5] P. Srinivasan, “Mechanical Vibration Analysis,” Tata Mc-Hill Publishing Co., New Delhi, 1990.

  
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