Biosorption of Trivalent Chromium from Aqueous Solution by Red Seaweed Polysiphonia nigrescens


This paper presents the biosorption of chromium onto red seaweed (Polysiphonia nigrescens). Batch mode experiments were performed to determine experimental parameters affecting sorption process such as pH, contact time, initial metal ion concentration and biomass dosage. The Cr(III) sorption was dependent on pH and adsorbent dosage. The adsorption kinetic data could be fitted with a pseudo-second-order model and the equilibrium data with a Langmuir model. The maximum sorption capacity was of 16.11 mg/g at pH 4 and 10 g/L of biomass dosage. 0.1 M H2SO4 showed good desorption efficiency (>80%). Spectroscopy analysis showed that Cr(III) sorption on seaweed was mainly through the ion-exchange mechanism. This report indicates that P. nigrescens is an effective and economical sorbent for removal of Cr(III) from wastewaters.

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P. Blanes, C. Cong, A. Cortadi, M. Frascaroli, M. Gattuso, S. García, J. González, M. Harada, C. Matulewicz, Y. Niwa, H. Prado and L. Sala, "Biosorption of Trivalent Chromium from Aqueous Solution by Red Seaweed Polysiphonia nigrescens," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 3 No. 11, 2011, pp. 832-843. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.311093.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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