The Modernisation of Manipulative Therapy
Max Zusman
DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.25110   PDF    HTML     12,998 Downloads   23,825 Views   Citations


Research indicates that, despite physiotherapists’ comprehensive training in the basic sciences, manipulative (currently “musculoskeletal”) therapy is still dominated in the clinical setting by its original, now obsolete, structure-based “biomedical” model. This is further inexplicable in the light of evidence that not only the underlying “philosophy” but also several of the fundamental requirements of the clinical process itself which has the structural-mechanical model as its basis, have been shown to be flawed or at least irrelevant. The apparent inability of the profession to fully abandon outmoded “concepts” (and embrace the acknowledged science-based “best practice” biopsychosocial model) may have potentially undesirable consequences for both patients and therapists engaged in the management of (chronic) musculoskeletal pain and disability.

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M. Zusman, "The Modernisation of Manipulative Therapy," International Journal of Clinical Medicine, Vol. 2 No. 5, 2011, pp. 644-649. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.25110.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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