Impact of Channel Dynamics, Combined Nonlinearities and ASE Noise on Transmission Performance of all Optical Star WDM Networks

DOI: 10.4236/cn.2011.34028   PDF   HTML     5,164 Downloads   9,143 Views   Citations


For all optical Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) network based on G.653 fibers, we investigate the quality factor deterioration due to combined nonlinear effects and Amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise for system parameters based on ITU-T Recommendation G.692. The investigation: (a) emphasizes on stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and four wave mixing (FWM) effects which are the dominant nonlinearities known to limit WDM system performance and (b) accounts for beating between nonlinearities and beating between ASE noise and nonlinearities. Using the proposed model, performance of the worst affected channels due to SRS and FWM is compared and the results indicate that the worst affected channel due to SRS performs better and hence must be preferred for reliable and efficient transmission over the worst affected channel due to FWM. Further, the results suggest that to achieve a desired error rate (quality factor); there exists an optimal value of channel spacing for a given number of channels. The proposed theoretical model is also validated through extensive simulations over Rsoft OptSimTM simulator and the two sets of results are found to match, indicating that the proposed model accurately calculates the quality factor of the all optical WDM network.

Share and Cite:

S. Iyer and S. Singh, "Impact of Channel Dynamics, Combined Nonlinearities and ASE Noise on Transmission Performance of all Optical Star WDM Networks," Communications and Network, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2011, pp. 235-249. doi: 10.4236/cn.2011.34028.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] B. Mukherjee, “WDM-Based Local Lightwave Networks Part-1: Single-Hop Systems,” IEEE Network, Vol. 6, No. 3, 1992, pp. 12-27. doi:10.1109/65.139139
[2] D. Marcuse, A. R. Chraplyvy and R. Tkach, “Effect of Fiber Nonlinearity on Long-Distance Transmission,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1991, pp. 121-128. doi:10.1109/50.64931
[3] G. P. Agrawal, “Fiber-Optic Communication Systems,” 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, 2002. doi:10.1002/0471221147
[4] F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Optical Fiber Telecommunications (IIIA)―Fiber Nonlinearities and Their Impact on Transmission Systems,” Academic Press, San Diego, 1997, pp. 196-264.
[5] J. Villarroel and A. G. Grandpierre, “On Statistical Effects on Stimulated Raman Cross-Talk,” Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 38, 2005, pp. 2601-2612. doi:10.1088/0953-4075/38/15/002
[6] I. B. Djordjevic and A. Stavdas, “Analytical Modeling of Stimulated Raman Scattering in WDM Systems with Dispersion Compensated Links,” Journal of Optical Communication, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2003, pp. 54-60.
[7] S. Norimatsu and T. Yamamoto, “Waveform Distortion Due to Stimulated Raman Scattering in Wide-Band WDM Transmission Systems,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2001, pp. 2172-2181. doi:10.1109/50.917870
[8] K. P. Ho, “Statistical Properties of Stimulated Raman Crosstalk in WDM Systems,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 18, No. 7, 2000, pp. 915-921. doi:10.1109/50.850735
[9] A. V. T. Cartaxo, “XPM in IM/DD WDM System with Multiple Optical Amplifiers and Dispersion Compensators,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 17, No. 2, 1999, pp. 178-190. doi:10.1109/50.744218
[10] F. Zhang, “XPM Statistics in 100% Precompensated WDM Transmission for OOK and DPSK Formats,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 21, No. 22, 2009, pp. 1707-1709. doi:10.1109/LPT.2009.2032069
[11] M. Eiselt, “Limits on WDM Systems Due to Four-Wave Mixing: A Statistical Approach,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 17, No. 11, 1999, pp. 2261-2267. doi:10.1109/50.803018
[12] V. Mikhailov, C. R. Doerr, S. Appathurai, R. I. Killey and P. Bayvel, “Fiber Nonlinearity and Dispersion Mitigation in 40-Gb/s NRZ WDM Transmission Using a Multichannel Optical Equalize,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2006, pp. 376-378. doi:10.1109/LPT.2005.861965
[13] I. B. Djordjevic, “Transmission Limitations of WDM Transmission Systems with Dispersion Compensated Links in the Presence of Fiber Nonlinearities,” Proceeding of 5th International Conference on Telecommunications in Modern Satellite, Cable and Broadcasting Service, TELSIKS, IEEE, Nis, Yugoslavia, Vol. 2, September 2001, pp. 496-499. doi:10.1109/TELSKS.2001.955826
[14] A. Yu and M. J. O’Mahony, “Optimization of Wavelength Spacing in a WDM Transmission System in the Presence of Fiber Nonlinearities,” IEE Proceedings of Optoelectronics, Vol. 142, No. 4, 1995, pp. 190-196. doi:10.1049/ip-opt:19952070
[15] S. Tariq and M. K. Dhodhi, “Limits of DWDM Communication Networks Due to Stimulated Raman Scattering and Optical Amplifier Noise,” The Eleventh International Conference on Microelectronics (ICM 1999), November 1999, pp. 189-191. doi:10.1109/ICM.2000.884837
[16] S. P. Singh, S. Kar and V. K. Jain, “Effect of Four Wave Mixing on Optimal Placement of Optical Amplifier in WDM Star Networks,” Fiber & Integrated Optics, Vol. 25, 2006, pp. 111-140. doi:10.1080/01468030500466289
[17] S. P. Singh, S. Kar and V. K. Jain, “Performance of All- Optical WDM Network in Presence of Four-Wave Mixing, Optical Amplifier Noise, and Wavelength Converter Noise,” Fiber & Integrated Optics, Vol. 26, No. 2, 2007, pp. 79-97. doi:10.1080/01468030601131477
[18] S. P. Singh and Sridhar Iyer, “Impact of SRS and FWM on Performance of Optical Star WDM Networks,” Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO 2011), May 2011, pp. 1-4. doi:10.1109/SOPO.2011.5780620
[19] ITU-T Recommendation G.692, “Optical Interfaces for Multichannel Systems with Optical Amplifiers,” 1997.
[20] ITU-T Recommendation G.653, “Characteristics of a Non-Zero Dispersion Shifted Single-Mode Optical Fiber Cable,” 1996.
[21] G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Fiber Optics,” 3rd Edition, Academic Press, New York, 2001.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.