Factors Associated with Acquired Infections Caesarian Wounds in Maternity Mbuji-Mayi/DR Congo
Jean Christophe Bukasa1*, Augustin Kadiata1, Andre Guillaume Kabongo1, Didier Lepelletier2, Decas Blood Banza1, Jean Jacques Bukasa1, Félicien Ilunga3, Andre Mutombo4, Senghor Ngoyi Mbo5, Angelique Bandimuna5, Sébatien Kashimpo5, Alexis Ntambwe6, Stany Wembonyama7
1Higher Institute of Medical Techniques of Mbuji-Mayi, Mbuji-Mayi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
2Emerging Laboratory MiHAR, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nantes, Nantes, France.
3Higher Institute of Medical Technologies of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
4Official University of Mbuji-Mayi, Mbuji-Mayi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
5Higher Institute of Medical Technologies of Kabinda, Kabinda, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
6Higher Institute of Kabinda, Kabinda, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
7School of Public Health, University of Lubumbashi, Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104437   PDF   HTML   XML   182 Downloads   434 Views   Citations


Introduction: The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors associated with nosocomial infections of caesarean section wounds in the maternity hospitals of the city of Mbuji-Mayi. Methods: This study was conducted in 25 maternities of general referral hospitals, clinics and hospitals in the city of Mbuji-Mayi during the period from 1 February to 1 June 2017, out of 171 parturients cesarized that were followed during a period of 4 months. A survey questionnaire was used to collect the data. Results: Out of 171 parturients monitored, surgical site infection developed 52 (SSI), an incidence of 30.4%. After analysis, nine factors were identified as associated post-caesarean SSI in Mbuji-Mayi city (p ≤ 0.05): age (p = 0.000), anemia (p = 0.000), prolonged duration of labor delivery (p = 0.001), premature rupture of the membranes before caesarean section (p = 0.044), prolonged duration after-rupture of the membranes (p = 0.000), preparation of the operative site by shaving (p = 0.029), surgery by general practitioner (p = 0.023), duration of operation greater than 60 minutes (p = 0.040), non-compliance with asepsis during dressing (p = 0.000). Conclusion: The fight against nosocomial infections must be a permanent concern: the prevention and regular monitoring of these infections must be the control strategies of each hospital structure, under the watchful eye of a coordination center for the fight nosocomial infections.

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Bukasa, J. , Kadiata, A. , Kabongo, A. , Lepelletier, D. , Banza, D. , Bukasa, J. , Ilunga, F. , Mutombo, A. , Mbo, S. , Bandimuna, A. , Kashimpo, S. , Ntambwe, A. and Wembonyama, S. (2018) Factors Associated with Acquired Infections Caesarian Wounds in Maternity Mbuji-Mayi/DR Congo. Open Access Library Journal, 5, 1-14. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1104437.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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