A Novel Island Detection Methodology for the Realization of Smart Grid
Hammad Khan, Anastasia Tjandra, Herbert Iu, Victor Sreeram
DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2011.24038   PDF   HTML     6,822 Downloads   11,905 Views   Citations


Responding to the problem of increased load demand, progress has been made to develop a new smarter infrastructure, which employs a decentralised approach. This smart decentralised system, termed smart grid, is composed of micro grids which utilise a combination of distributed energy resources (DER). The DERs can either be operated in parallel with the grid or in autonomous condition (intentional-islanding). Operating the DER under intentional islanding condition is seen as the next stage in smart grid’s future development which requires intelligent control implementation. In order to utilise this intelligent control, immediate detection of islanding is essential. This paper proposes a new smarter islanding detection method, which implements the forecast capability of smart grid by detecting the fluctuations before islanding occurs. The proposed method has been tested in simulation and compared against the current islanding detection methods. The simulation results have successfully proven the benefits of the new proposed method over the current methodologies in island detection.

Share and Cite:

H. Khan, A. Tjandra, H. Iu and V. Sreeram, "A Novel Island Detection Methodology for the Realization of Smart Grid," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2011, pp. 330-337. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2011.24038.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] IEA, “World Energy Outlook 2008,” 2008. http://www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2008/weo2008.
[2] Litos Strategic Communication, “The Smart Grid: An Introduction,” 2010. http://www.oe.energy.gov/DocumentsandMedia/DOE_SG_Book_Single_Pages.pdf.
[3] REN21, “Renewables Global Status Report: Energy Transformation Continues Despite Economic Slowdown,” 2010. http://www.ren21.net/globalstatusreport/g2009.asp.
[4] P. Mahat, Z. Chen and B. B. Jensen, “Review of Islanding Detection Methods for Distributed Generation” Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies, 3rd International Conference, Nanjing, 2008, pp. 2743-2748.
[5] B. L. Capehart, “Distributed Energy Resources (DER),” 2010. http://www.wbdg.org/resources/der.php.
[6] G. Pepermansa, J. Driesenb, D. Haeseldonckxc, R. Belmansc and W. D’haeseleerc, “Distributed Generation: Definition, Benefits and Issues,” Energy Policy, Vol. 33, No. 6, 2005, pp. 787-798. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2003.10.004
[7] R. A. Walling and N. W. Miller, “Distributed Generation Islanding—Implications on Power System Dynamic Performance,” Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting, Chicago, Vol. 1, 2002, pp. 92-96.
[8] IEEE Std. 1547-2003, “IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems,” 2003, pp. 10-11.
[9] H. Zeineldin, E. F. El-Saadany and M. M. A Salama, “Intentional Islanding of Distributed Generation,” Power Engineering Society General Meeting, San Francisco, Vol. 2, 2005, pp. 1496-1502.
[10] I. J. Balaguer, U. Supatti, Qin Lei, Nam-Sup Choi and F. Z. Peng, “Intelligent Control for Intentional Islanding Operation of Microgrids,” International Conference: Sustainable Energy Technologies, Singapore, 2008, pp. 898-903.
[11] S. Conti, A. M. Greco, N. Messina and U. Vagliasindi, “Generators Control Systems in Intentionally Islanded MV Microgrids” International Symposium: Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion, Ischia, 2008, pp. 399-405.
[12] D. Velasco, et al., “Review of Anti-Islanding Techniques in Distributed Generators,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review, Vol. 14, No. 6, 2010, pp. 1608-1614. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.02.011
[13] H. H. Zeineldin and J. L. Kirtley, “Islanding Operation of Inverter Based Distributed Generation with Static Load Models,” Power and Energy Society General Meeting Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, Pittsburgh, 2008, pp. 1-6.
[14] J. Stevens, R. Bonn, J. Ginn and S. Gonzales, “Development and Testing of an Approach to Anti-Islanding in Utility-Interconnected Photovoltaic Systems,” 2010. http://photovoltaics.sandia.gov/docs/PDF/0800steve.pdf.
[15] R. C. Dorf, “The Electrical and Engineering Hand Book,” CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1993.
[16] J. C. Whitaker, “AC Power Systems Handbook,” 3rd Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2007.
[17] R. Natarajan, “Power System Capacitors,” CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2005. doi:10.1201/9781420027204
[18] J. C. Das, “Reducing Interrupting Duties of High-Voltage Circuit Breakers by Increasing Contact Parting Time,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 44, No. 4, 2008, pp. 1027-1033. doi:10.1109/TIA.2008.926235
[19] IEEE Std.929-2000, “IEEE Recommended Practise for Utility Interface for Photovoltaic (PV) System,” 2000, pp. 5-6.
[20] KAON Electric, “KAON FuseSaver,” 2011. http://kaonelectric.com/uploads/Files/KAON_FuseSaver_Brochure_-_low_res.pdf

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.