Share This Article:

Cognitive Cycle in Mind Model CAM

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:1324KB) PP. 25-34
DOI: 10.4236/ijis.2011.12004    4,777 Downloads   12,609 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Cognitive cycle is a basic procedure of mental activities in cognitive level. Human cognition consists of cascading cycles of recurring brain events. This paper presents a cognitive cycle for the mind model CAM (Consciousness And Memory). Each cognitive cycle perceives the current situation, through motivation phase with reference to ongoing goals, and then composes internal or external action streams to reach the goals in response. We use dynamic description logic which is an extended description logic with action to formalize descriptions and algorithms of cognitive cycle. Two important algorithms, including hierarchical goal and action composition, is proposed in the paper.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Z. Shi, X. Wang and J. Yue, "Cognitive Cycle in Mind Model CAM," International Journal of Intelligence Science, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2011, pp. 25-34. doi: 10.4236/ijis.2011.12004.

References

[1] A. Newell, “Unified Theories of Cognition,” Harvard, Cambridge, 1990.
[2] J. Laird, A. Newell and P. Rosenbloom, “SOAR: An Architecture for General Intelligence,” Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 33, No. 1, 1987, pp. 1-64. doi:10.1016/0004-3702(87)90050-6
[3] J. R. Anderson, “The Adaptive Character of Thought,” Erlbaum, Hillsdale, 1993.
[4] J. R. Anderson and C. Lebiere, “The Newell Test for a Theory of Cognition,” Behavioral and Brain Science, Vol. 26, No. 5, 2003, pp. 601-648. doi:10.1017/S0140525X0300013X
[5] J. R. Anderson and Y. Qin, “Using Brain Imaging to Extract the Structure of Complex Events at the Rational Time Band,” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Vol. 20, No. 9, 2008, pp. 1624-1636. doi:10.1162/jocn.2008.20108
[6] J. R. Anderson, “Using Neural Imaging to Inform the Instruction of Mathematics,” In: N. Zhong, K. C. Li, S. F. Lu and L. Chen, Eds., Brain Informatics, International Conference, 2009 International Conference on Brain Informatics, Beijing, 23-24 October, 2009, p. 1.
[7] J. R. Anderson, S. A. Betts, J. L. Ferris and J. M. Fincham, “Neural Imaging to Track Mental States While Using an Intelligent Tutoring System,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, Vol. 107, No. 15, 2010, pp. 7018-7023. doi:10.1073/pnas.1000942107
[8] Z. Z. Shi, “Advanced Artificial Intelligence,” World Scientific Publishers, Hackensack, 2011.
[9] Y. Shoham, “Agent-Oriented Programming,” Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 60, No. 1, 1993, pp. 51-92. doi:10.1016/0004-3702(93)90034-9
[10] S. Yoav and K. Leyton-Brown, “Multiagent Systems: Algorithmic, Game-Theoretic, and Logical Foundations,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2008.
[11] M. Georgeff, B. Pell, M. Pollack, M. Tambe and M. Wooldridge, “The Belief-Desire-Intention Model of Agency,” Intelligent Agents V. Agent Theories, Archi- tectures, and Languages, 5th International Workshop, ATAL’98, Paris, 4-7 July 1998, pp. 630-630.
[12] R. Sun and X. Zhang, “Top-Down versus Bottom-up Learning in Cognitive Skill Acquisition,” Cognitive Systems Research, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2004, pp. 63-69. doi:10.1016/j.cogsys.2003.07.001
[13] R. Sun, “Motivational Representations within a Compu- tational Cognitive Architecture,” 2008. http://www.cogsci.rpi.edu/~rsun/folder-files/sun-c
[14] S. Franklin, B. J. Baars, U. Ramamurthy and M. Ventura, “The Role of Consciousness in Memory,” Brains, Minds and Media, No. 1, 2005, pp. 1-38.
[15] B. J. Baars and S. Franklin, “Consciousness Is Computational: The LIDA Model of Global Workspace Theory,” International Journal of Machine Consciousnesss, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2009, pp. 23-32. doi:10.1142/S1793843009000050
[16] T. Madl, B. J. Baars and S. Franklin, “The Timing of the Cognitive Cycle,” Plos One, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2011, Article ID e14803. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014803
[17] Medical Dictionary Website, 2003. http://www.medterms.com/script/main/hp.asp
[18] Z. Z. Shi and X. F. Wang “A Mind Model CAM in Intelligence Science,” International Journal of Advanced Intelligence, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2011, pp. 119-129.
[19] Z. Z. Shi, M. K. Dong, Y. C. Jiang and H. J. Zhang, “A Logic Foundation for the Semantic Web,” Science in China, Series F Information Sciences, Vol. 48, No. 2, 2005, pp. 161-178. doi:10.1360/03yf0506
[20] A. M. Collins and M. R. Quillian, “Retrieval Time from Semantic Memory,” Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1969, pp. 240-247. doi:10.1016/S0022-5371(69)80069-1
[21] E. Tulving, “Elements of Episodic Memory,” Oxford Clarendon Press, London, 1983.
[22] A. Nuxoll and J. E. Larid, “Extending Cognitive Architecture with Episodic Memory,” Proceedings of the 22nd AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 2, 2007, pp. 1560-1564.
[23] G. Tononi, G. M. Edelman and O. Sporns, “Complexity and Coherency: Integrating Information in the Brain,” Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 12, 1998, pp. 474-484. doi:10.1016/S1364-6613(98)01259-5
[24] P. Langley, J. E. Laird and S. Rogers, “Cognitive Architectures: Research Issues and Challenges,” Cognitive Systems Research, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2009, pp. 141-160. doi:10.1016/j.cogsys.2006.07.004
[25] A. H. Maslow, “A Theory of Human Motivation,” Psychological Review, Vol. 50, No. 4, 1943, pp. 370-396. doi:10.1037/h0054346
[26] A. H. Maslow, R. Frager and J. Fadiman, “Motivation and Personality,” 3rd Edition, Addison-Wesley, Boston, 1987.
[27] J. Bach, “A Motivational System for Cognitive AI,” AGI’11 Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Artificial General Intelligence, LNAI 6830, 2011, pp. 232-242.
[28] J. Bach, “PSI—An Architecture of Motivated Cognition,” Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009.
[29] F. Baader, M. Milicic, C. Lutz, U. Sattler and F. Wolter, “Integrating Description Logics and Action Formalisms for Reasoning about Web Services,” LTCS-Report LTCS-05-02, Chair for Automata Theory, Institute for Theoretical Computer Science, Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, 2005. http://lat.inf.tudresden.de/research/reports.html
[30] C. Lutz and U. Sattler, “A Proposal for Describing Services with DLs,” In: I. Horrocks and S. Tessaris, Eds., Proceedings of the 2002 International Workshop on Description Logics, Toulouse, 19-21 April 2002, pp. 129- 140.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.