Potential benefits of quinoxaline 1, 4-dioxides in aldosterone dysmetabolism disease—A medical hypothesis

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DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2011.13016   PDF   HTML     3,869 Downloads   7,354 Views   Citations

Abstract

Quinoxaline 1, 4-dioxides (QdNOs) are quinox-aline derivatives which have been used as an-timicrobial agents and growth promoters in animals widely. They are also assumed to cure human disease such as anticancer, antitubercular and inhibiting parasite. QdNOs such as carbadox and their major metabolites induced a special decline of aldosterone production from the swine adrenal in vivo and in vitro, and thus cause hypovolemia, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia. This can also be expected to be the case for human. As a mainly physiological hormone and a novel steroid with potent mineralocorticoid activity, aldosterone plays an important role in the pathophysiological process of brain, renal and heart disease progression and may be a renal and vascular risk factor. Here, we provide evidence to support the hypothesis that QdNOs may lead potential benefits in aldosterone dysmetabolism disease via the synthesis deficiency of aldosterone in adrenal and/or the cardiovascular tissues. If the hypothesis is true, it may provide a new option into the therapy for aldosterone dysmetabolism disease, especially in cardiovascular system, and thus assume a broader application of QdNOs.

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Zou, D. , Zheng, Q. , Huang, X. , Wang, X. and Ihsan, A. (2011) Potential benefits of quinoxaline 1, 4-dioxides in aldosterone dysmetabolism disease—A medical hypothesis. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 1, 121-127. doi: 10.4236/ojas.2011.13016.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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