Motivations Underlying the Snack Choices of Japanese Junior High School Students: A Study Based on Cluster Analysis

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DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.27096   PDF   HTML     3,655 Downloads   6,883 Views  

Abstract

The aims of the present study were to group junior high school students according to factors influencing their snack choice and identify differences between the characteristics and snack choice behaviors of the groups. An anonymous self-report questionnaire was administered to 1936 students (13 - 15 years old) in eight junior high schools in Tokyo, Japan. The students responded to the Snack Choice Questionnaire (SCQ) as well as questions concerning snacking behaviors, lifestyles, and demographics. Cluster analysis was applied to sort the sample according to SCQ scores. Each cluster’s characteristics were examined by gender using the χ2 test or the Kruskal-Wallis test with a Bonferroni adjustment. Participants were divided into four groups: high in all factors, low in all factors, low value in health, and value in health. The “value in health” group was composed of more girls than boys and the “low in all factors” group had fewer girls than boys. Those in the “high in all factors” and “low value in health” groups indicated that they consumed more snacks. Moreover, gender differences were revealed. By assessing the SCQ prior to providing nutrition education, we can obtain valuable information to make nutrition education planning.

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R. Akamatsu, "Motivations Underlying the Snack Choices of Japanese Junior High School Students: A Study Based on Cluster Analysis," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 7, 2011, pp. 700-705. doi: 10.4236/fns.2011.27096.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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