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Sampling Small Volumes of Saliva for Determination of the Stress Hormone α-Amylase: A Comparative Methodological Study

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DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2011.13026    4,854 Downloads   10,767 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Two sampling devices that allow saliva collection through absorption to a cotton roll (Salivette®-method) or to small cotton pellets (VectaSpinTM Micro [VSM]-method) were studied. Any loss of salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) activity in relation to the saliva volume absorbed and harvested by centrifugation was examined. A pooled saliva sample prepared from stimulated whole saliva (collected by drooling) of 30 subjects was used. Three different saliva volumes (2.9 ml, 1.5 ml, and 0.8 ml) were tested on cotton rolls and two (0.03 ml, and 0.015 ml) on cotton pellets. The sample sAA activity was determined from the hydrolysis of 2-chloro-4-nitrophenyl-α-D-maltotrioside. In comparison with the original drooling sample, no sAA loss was observed in 1.5 ml samples tested with Salivette, while a significant decrease of activity was recorded with smaller volumes. VSM collected samples showed a non-volume dependent decrease of sAA activity of about 25%. Salivette requires large saliva volumes to allow an accurate sAA estimation. With cases of limited saliva access, VSM may be a suitable sampling device.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Arhakis, V. Karagiannis and S. Kalfas, "Sampling Small Volumes of Saliva for Determination of the Stress Hormone α-Amylase: A Comparative Methodological Study," Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2011, pp. 194-198. doi: 10.4236/jbbs.2011.13026.

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