Investigation into the Performance of a MIMO System Equipped with ULA or UCA Antennas: BER, Capacity and Channel Estimation

.
DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2009.26054   PDF   HTML   XML   4,790 Downloads   8,896 Views   Citations

Abstract

This paper reports on investigations into the performance of a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) wireless communication system employing a uniform linear array (ULA) at the transmitter and either a uni-form linear array (ULA) or a uniform circular array (UCA) antenna at the receiver. The transmitter is as-sumed to be surrounded by scattering objects while the receiver is postulated to be free from scattering ob-jects. The Laplacian distribution of angle of arrival (AOA) of a signal reaching the receiver is postulated. The performance of bit error rate (BER), capacity and channel estimation for a MIMO system are evaluated for the two cases that the receiver is equipped with ULA or with UCA antennas.

Share and Cite:

X. LIU, M. E. BIALKOWSKI, F. WANG and K. BIALKOWSKI, "Investigation into the Performance of a MIMO System Equipped with ULA or UCA Antennas: BER, Capacity and Channel Estimation," International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 6, 2009, pp. 491-503. doi: 10.4236/ijcns.2009.26054.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] J. Luo, J. R. Zeidler, and S. McLaughlin, “Performance analysis of compact antenna arrays with MRC in corre-lated Nakagami fading channels,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 50, No. 1, January 2001.
[2] X. Liu, M. E. Bialkowski, and F. Wang, “Investigations into the effect of spatial correlation on channel estimation and capacity of multiple input multiple output system,” International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 3, June 2009.
[3] J. Tsai, R. M. Buehrer, and B. D. Woerner, “Spatial fad-ing correlation function of circular antenna arrays with Laplacian energy distribution,” IEEE Communications Letters, Vol. 6, No. 5, pp. 178–180, May 2002.
[4] J. Tsai, R. M. Buehrer, and B. D. Woerner, “The impact of AOA energy distribution on the spatial fading correla-tion of linear antenna array,” Vol. 2, pp. 933–937, IEEE 5th VTC, May 2002.
[5] E. G. Larsson and P. Stoica, “Space-time block coding for wireless communication,” Cambridge University Press, 2003.
[6] C. N. Chuah, D. N. C. Tse, and J. M. Kahn, “Capacity scaling in MIMO wireless systems under correlated fad-ing,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Vol. 48, pp. 637–650, March 2002.
[7] W. C. Jakes, Microwave Mobile Communications, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1974.
[8] J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hills, New York, 1995.
[9] M. Simon and M. S. Alouini, “A unified approach to the performance analysis of digital communication over gen-eralized fading channels,” Proceedings of IEEE, pp. 1860–1877, September 1998.
[10] E. Telatar, “Capacity of multi-antenna Gaussian chan-nels,” Europe Transactions on Telecommunication, Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 585–596, November 1999.
[11] T. L. Marzetta and B. M. Hochwald, “Capacity of a mo-bile multiple-antenna communication link in Rayleigh flat fading,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 139–157, January 1999.
[12] D. Shiu, J. Foschini, M. J. Gans, and J. M. Kahn, “Fading correlation and its effect on the capacity of multielemnt antenna system,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vol. 48, No. 3, March 2000.
[13] M. Biguesh and A. B. Gershman, “MIMO channel esti-mation: Optimal training and tradeoffs between estima-tion techniques,” Proceedings of ICC’04, Paris, France, June 2004.
[14] M. Biguesh and A. B. Gershman, “Training-based MIMO channel estimation: A study of estimator tradeoffs and optimal training signals,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 54, No. 3, March 2006.
[15] X. Liu, M. E. Bialkowski, and S. Lu, “Investigations into training-based MIMO channel estimation for spatial cor-related channels,” Proceedings of IEEE AP-S Symposium, Hawaii, USA, 2007.
[16] X. Liu, S. Lu, M. E. Bialkowski, and H.T. Hui, “MMSE channel estimation for MIMO system with receiver equipped with a circular array antenna,” Proceedings of 2007 Asia Pacific Microwave Conference, APMC2007, pp. 1–4, December 2007.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.