Utilization of Modern Contraceptives for Family Planning in Urban Setting: Kitunda Ward of Ilala Municipal, Dar-es-Salaam City, Tanzania


Background: Tanzania is one of countries with low rate (34%) on utilization of contraceptives when compared with developed and other developing countries. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the current use of contraceptives among women of reproductive age (15 - 49 years) in urban areas as case study, and evaluate barriers on utilization of contraceptives at Kitunda ward, Ilala Municipal, Dar-es-Salaam city. Study Design: The study was a cross-sectional study. Three hundred women of reproductive age (15 - 49 years) were interviewed using structured questionnaires for data collection. Two research assistants assisted researchers to interview the sampled child bearing age women. Data Analysis: The collected data were entered in a computer and were analyzed using EPI Info software version 6.0. Results: A total of 300 women were interviewed; 71.9% were of age ranged 18 - 35 years; and 50.5% had secondary and college education. The prevalence of contraceptive use was 70%, and injectables ranked first (30.8%) followed by pills (27.7%). Other contraceptive methods used were calendar, rhythm and condoms. Socio-demographic characteristics of women were found to associate with contraceptive use. The most common barriers on utilization of the contraceptives reported include disruption in menstrual cycle, headache, cancer and cardiovascular diseases. It is recommended that there should be an agent need of increasing knowledge by seminar on utilization of all types of contraceptives that spells the usefulness and possible side effects like to occur to users of contraceptives and where to seek health services when such problems occur. This will help users of contraceptive users to have an informed choice which is contraceptive to use for family planning. Above all traditional herbs used for FP should be scientifically studied on their safety and efficacy. They may provide an alternative to present contraceptives that have shown to have side effects.

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Kessy, I. and Kayombo, E. (2015) Utilization of Modern Contraceptives for Family Planning in Urban Setting: Kitunda Ward of Ilala Municipal, Dar-es-Salaam City, Tanzania. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-12. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1102025.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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