Case Report: Osteochondral Fragment—A Rare Cause of Locked Metacarpophalangeal Joint

DOI: 10.4236/ss.2011.26076   PDF   HTML     4,311 Downloads   6,909 Views   Citations


We describe the presentation of a patient with sudden, sharp pain associated with a snapping sensation, swelling and pain over the metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) with no history of direct trauma. The finger was held in 30 degrees of flexion and significantly deviated to the ulnar side with loss of extension. A diagnosis of traumatic rupture of the radial sagittal band of the extensor mechanism was made but the cause at exploration was found to be impingement of an osteochondral fracture fragment. This is a rare cause of irreducible loose body ‘locking’ of the metacarpophalangeal joint.

Share and Cite:

K. Ramsey, S. Overstall and A. Fleming, "Case Report: Osteochondral Fragment—A Rare Cause of Locked Metacarpophalangeal Joint," Surgical Science, Vol. 2 No. 6, 2011, pp. 353-355. doi: 10.4236/ss.2011.26076.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] M. A. Posner, V. Langer and S. M. Green, “The Locked Metacarpophalangeal Joint: Diagnosis and Treatment,” Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1986, pp. 249-253.
[2] B. Vinnars, S. Bystrom and F. af Ekenstam, “Entrapment of the Metacarpophalangeal Joint of the Middle Finger. Case Report,” Scandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Hand Surgery, Vol. 30, No. 3, 1996, pp. 231-233. doi:10.3109/02844319609062821
[3] R. Q. Terrill and R. J. Groves, “The Locked Metacarpophalangeal Joint: Report of Four Cases and Review of the Literature,” Contemporary Orthopaedics, Vol. 29, No. 2, 1994, pp. 121-125.
[4] S. Rajasekaran, “Locked Finger Due to Foreign Body in the Flexor Sheath,” Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1991, pp. 460-461. doi:10.1016/0266-7681(91)90028-M
[5] G. Fernandez, “Locking of a Metacarpophalangeal Joint Caused by a Haemangioma of the Volar Plate,” Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 13, No. 3, 1988, pp. 323-324. doi:10.1016/0266-7681(88)90100-3
[6] M. Yagi, K. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, et al., “Successful Manual Reduction of Locked Metacarpophalangeal Joints in Fingers,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Vol. 82, No. 3, 2000, pp. 366-371.
[7] A. B. Vernet, S. Lopez-Sicilia and C. Villas, “Metacarpophalangeal Subluxation: Locked Finger,” Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Vol. 104, No. 6, 1986, pp. 339-341. doi:10.1007/BF00454426
[8] G. Inoue, R. Nakamura and T. Miura, “Intra-Articular Fracture of the Metacarpal Head of the Locked Index Finger Due to Forced Passive Extension,” Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 13, No. 3, 1998, pp. 320-322. doi:10.1016/0266-7681(88)90099-X

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.