Representation vs. Participation of Female Students in Class: A Comparative Feminist Investigation


Even though Education is most important to pursue the objective of women’s empowerment, gender imbalance that prevails at various levels of schooling has been a hampering factor. Besides enrollment, gender disparity manifests in areas of class participation and achievement in higher education institutions. In Ethiopia, even if through several interventions, the enrollment of female students at various levels of schooling has dramatically been increased, questions like in class participation and achievement remain unanswered. This piece of writing, while investigating the issues of representation vs. participation has an objective of assessing why female students’ participation in class is low compared to male counterparts. Applying feminist qualitative research, this study identifies that shyness, language proficiency, family background, instructor’s affiliation to active students, environment, and lack of value attached to participation in class were having impacts on female students participation in class. In contrast, representation in class compared to male counterpart was not a decisive factor. And the researcher concludes that, unless otherwise interventions to enhance females education in Ethiopia further investigate the issues of in class participation and achievement, the so far efforts have been only tip of the iceberg.

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Bortola, G. (2015) Representation vs. Participation of Female Students in Class: A Comparative Feminist Investigation. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-6. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101748.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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