Share This Article:

A Review on the Acoustical Properties of Natural and Synthetic Noise Absorbents

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101598    1,300 Downloads   2,224 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Nowadays, artificial insulators such as fiberglass and rock wool are used as sound absorbers in developing countries. The present study is performed to introduce new sound absorbing materials used in developed countries and discuss their acoustical characteristics. It also aims to look at the efficiency of sound absorber natural materials (green materials) as an alternative to commercial materials with a synthetic base used in different places. Methods: In order to identify new porous absorbents, their mechanism of action and various applications, a search was conducted by using keywords such as “Sound Absorbent”, “Natural Noise Absorbent” and “Passive Absorber” in PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, ProQuest, Springer, Web of Knowledge, Magiran, SID, IranMedex and Google Scholar. We selected 48 review and original research papers that were about natural and recycled absorbents. Results: Most recent research includes production and optimization of sound absorbers using natural and recycled materials. The aim of all of these researches was producing green absorber materials in accordance with environmental regulations. In order to properly use these materials, in addition to knowing the benefits and suitability of absorbers for use in the intended environment, the effective factors in sound absorption such as fiber size, air flow resistance, porosity, curve, thickness and density of absorbers were considered. Conclusion: In comparison to old absorbents, new materials are safer and lighter and enjoy a more efficient technology. It seems like environmental friendly, degradable, recyclable and green noise absorbents will play on important role in the market of noise absorbents in the future. Also because of the place and different uses of absorbent materials, specialists should consider the limitations of the environment and the acoustic characteristics of the absorbents.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Ravandi, M. , Mardi, H. , Langari, A. , Mohammadian, M. and Khanjani, N. (2015) A Review on the Acoustical Properties of Natural and Synthetic Noise Absorbents. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-11. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101598.

References

[1] Rmili, W., Ouahabi, A., Serra, R. and Kious, M. (2009) Tool Wear Monitoring in Turning Processes Using Vibratory Analysis. International Journal of Acoustics and Vibration, 14, 4-11.
[2] Crocker, M.J. (2007) Handbook of Noise and Vibration Control. Wiley, Hoboken.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470209707
[3] Nahvi, H., Fouladi, M.H. and Nor, M.J.M. (2009) Evaluation of Whole-Body Vibration and Ride Comfort in a Passenger Car. International Journal of Acoustics and Vibration, 14, 143-149.
[4] Arenas, J.P. and Crocker, M.J. (2010) Recent Trends in Porous Sound-Absorbing Materials. Sound & Vibration, 44, 12-17.
[5] Chavan, A.T. and Manik, D.N. (2008) Optimum Design of Vibro-Acoustic Systems Using SEA. International Journal of Acoustics and Vibration, 13, 67-81.
[6] Asdrubali, F., Ed. (2006) Survey on the Acoustical Properties of New Sustainable Materials for Noise Control. Proceedings of the Euronoise 2006 Conference, 30 May-1 June 2006, Tampere.
[7] Nick, A., Becker, U. and Thoma, W. (2002) Improved Acoustic Behavior of Interior Parts of Renewable Resources in the Automotive Industry. Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 10, 115-118.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1021124214818
[8] Koizumi, T., Tsujiuchi, N. and Fujita, K., Eds. (2004) Performance Improvement of Sound-Absorbing Materials Using Natural Bamboo Fibers and Their Application. WIT Press Publishing Services, Ashurst.
[9] Zent, A. and Long, J.T. (2007) Automotive Sound Absorbing Material Survey Results. SAE Technical Paper 2007-01-2186.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4271/2007-01-2186
[10] Yang, H.S., Kim, D.J. and Kim, H.J. (2003) Rice Straw and Wood Particle Composite for Sound Absorbing Wooden Construction Materials. Bioresource Technology, 86, 117-121.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(02)00163-3
[11] Zulkifli, R., Zulkarnain, M. and Nor, M.J.M. (2010) Noise Control Using Coconut Coir Fiber Sound Absorber with Porous Layer Backing and Perforated Panel. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 7, 260-264.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2010.260.264
[12] Ilgun, A., Cogurcu, M.T., Ozdemir, C., Kalipci, E. and Sahinkaya, S. (2010) Determination of Sound Transfer Coefficient of Boron Added Waste Cellulosic and Paper Mixture Panels. Scientific Research and Essays, 5, 1530-1535.
[13] Yang, H.S., Kim, D.J., Lee, Y.K., Kim, H.J., Jeon, J.Y. and Kang, C.W. (2004) Possibility of Using Waste Tire Composites Reinforced with Rice Straw as Construction Materials. Bioresource Technology, 95, 61-65.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2004.02.002
[14] Antonio, Q.R., Ed. (2010) Measurement of the Sound-Absorption Coefficient on Egg Cartons Using the Tone Burst Method. World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society (WSEAS), Stevens Point.
[15] Alamdari, Z.G., Khavanin, A. and Kokabi, M. (2008) Manufacturing Sound Absorber Based on Combined Recycling of Polyethylene Trephetalat and Polystyrene at Low and Median Frequencies. Audiology, 17, 63-69.
[16] Pfretzschner, J. and Rodriguez, R.M. (1999) Acoustic Properties of Rubber Crumbs. Polymer Testing, 18, 81-92.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0142-9418(98)00009-9
[17] Crocker, M.J. and Arenas, J.P. (2007) Use of Sound Absorbing Materials. In: Crocker, M.J., Ed., Handbook of Noise and Vibration Control, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 696-713.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470209707.ch57
[18] Kazragis, A., Gailius, A. and Juknevi, A. (2002) Thermal and Acoustical Insulating Materials Containing Mineral and Polymeric Binders with Cellulose Fillers. Materials Science, 8, 193-195.
[19] Magrini, U. and Ricciardi, P. (2000) Surface Sound Acoustical Absorption and Application of Panels Composed of Granular Porous Materials. Proceedings of the Inter-Noise, Nice, 27-30 August 2000.
[20] Asdrubali, F. and Horoshenkov, K.V. (2002) The Acoustic Properties of Expanded Clay Granulates. Building Acoustics, 9, 85-98.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1260/135101002760164553
[21] Attenborough, K. and Umnova, O. (2005) Chapter 8: Acoustics of Rigid-Porous Materials. In: Wright, M.C.M., Ed., Lecture Notes on the Mathematics of Acoustics, Imperial College Press, London, 157.
[22] Del Rey, R., Alba, J. and Sanch, A.S.V., Eds. (2007) Proposal of an Empirical Model for Absorbent Acoustical Materials Based in Kenaf. Proceedings of the 19th International Congress on Acoustics, Madrid, 2-7 September 2007, 3361-3366.
[23] Koizumi, T., Ed. (2002) The Development of Sound Absorbing Materials Using Natural Bamboo Fibers and Their Acoustic Properties. Proceedings of the Inter-Noise, Dearborn, 19-21 August 2002.
[24] Zulkifh, R., Nor, M.J.M., Tahir, M.F.M., Ismail, A.R. and Nuawi, M.Z. (2008) Acoustic Properties of Multi-Layer Coir Fibres Sound Absorption Panel. Journal of Applied Sciences, 8, 3709-3714.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jas.2008.3709.3714
[25] Ashby, M.F. and Lu, T. (2003) Metal Foams: A Survey. Science in China Series B: Chemistry, 46, 521-532.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1360/02yb0203
[26] Hao, G.L., Xu, Q.P., Han, F.S., Li, W.D. and Bai, S.M. (2009) Processing and Damping Behaviour of Porous Copper. Powder Metallurgy, 52, 145-150.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/003258908X356885
[27] Jiejun, W., Chenggong, L., Dianbin, W. and Manchang, G. (2003) Damping and Sound Absorption Properties of Particle Reinforced Al Matrix Composite Foams. Composites Science and Technology, 63, 569-574.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(02)00215-4
[28] Miyoshi, T., Itoh, M., Akiyama, S. and Kitahara, A. (2000) ALPORAS Aluminum Foam: Production Process, Properties, and Applications. Advanced Engineering Materials, 2, 179-183.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1527-2648(200004)2:4<179::AID-ADEM179>3.0.CO;2-G
[29] Banhart, J. (2001) Manufacture, Characterisation and Application of Cellular Metals and Metal Foams. Progress in Materials Science, 46, 559-632.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6425(00)00002-5
[30] Lu, T.J., Hess, A. and Ashby, M.F. (1999) Sound Absorption in Metallic Foams. Journal of Applied Physics, 85, 7528.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.370550
[31] Tang, H.P., Zhu, J.L., Wang, J.Y., Ge, Y. and Li, C., Eds. (2008) Sound Absorption Characters of Metal Fibrous Porous Material. DEStech Publications, Inc., Lancaster.
[32] Wu, X., Chen, Z.H., Feng, Y.L., Liu, X.P. and Li, X.L. (2011) Fabrication of Micro-Honeycomb Ceramics by Cloth Fabric Pore-Forming. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 21, 2665-2670.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1003-6326(11)61108-4
[33] Scheffler, M. and Colombo, P. (2005) Cellular Ceramics: Structure, Manufacturing, Properties and Applications. WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
[34] Schmidt, M. and Schwertfeger, F. (1998) Applications for Silica Aerogel Products. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 225, 364-368.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(98)00054-4
[35] Ricciardi, P., Gibiat, V. and Hooley, A., Eds. (2002) Multilayer absorbers of silica aerogel; 2002.
[36] Dong, W., Faltens, T., Pantell, M., Simon, D. and Thompson, T., Eds. (2009) Acoustic Properties of Organic/Inorganic Composite Aerogels. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[37] Crocker, M.J., Li, Z. and Arenas, J.P. (2005) Measurements of Tyre/Road Noise and of Acoustical Properties of Porous Road Surfaces. International Journal of Acoustics and Vibration, 10, 52-60.
[38] Furstoss, M., Thenail, D. and Galland, M.A. (1997) Surface Impedance Control for Sound Absorption: Direct and Hybrid Passive/Active Strategies. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 203, 219-236.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jsvi.1996.0905
[39] Galland, M.A., Mazeaud, B. and Sellen, N. (2005) Hybrid Passive/Active Absorbers for Flow Ducts. Applied Acoustics, 66, 691-708.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2004.09.007
[40] Leroy, P., Berry, A., Attala, N. and Herzog, P. (2008) “Smart Foams” for Enhancing Acoustic Absorption. Proceedings of the Acoustics’ 08 Conference, Paris, 29 June-4 July 2008.
[41] Leroy, P., Atalla, N., Berry, A. and Herzog, P. (2009) Three Dimensional Finite Element Modeling of Smart Foam. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 126, 2873-2885.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3238241
[42] Tascan, M. and Vaughn, E.A. (2008) Effects of Fiber Denier, Fiber Cross-Sectional Shape and Fabric Density on Acoustical Behavior of Vertically Lapped Nonwoven Fabrics. Journal of Engineering Fibers and Films, 3, 32-38.
[43] Tascan, M. and Vaughn, E.A. (2008) Effects of Total Surface Area and Fabric Density on the Acoustical Behavior of Needlepunched Nonwoven Fabrics. Textile Research Journal, 78, 289-296.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0040517507084283
[44] Seddeq, H.S. (2009) Factors Influencing Acoustic Performance of Sound Absorptive Materials. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3, 4610-4617.
[45] Allard, J.F., Depollier, C. and Guignouard, P. (1989) Free Field Surface Impedance Measurements of Sound-Absorbing Materials with Surface Coatings. Applied Acoustics, 26, 199-207.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0003-682X(89)90053-4
[46] Knapen, E., Lanoye, R., Vermeir, G., Lauriks, W. and Van Gemert, D., Eds. (2004) Sound Absorption by Polymer-Modified Porouscement Mortars. Aedificatio Publishers, Freiburg.
[47] Castagnede, B., Aknine, A., Brouard, B. and Tarnow, V. (2000) Effects of Compression on the Sound Absorption of Fibrous Materials. Applied Acoustics, 61, 173-182.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-682X(00)00003-7
[48] Alton, F. (2001) The Master Handbook of Acoustics. McGraw-Hill, New York.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.