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Watershed Management in Highlands of Ethiopia: A Review

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101481    4,018 Downloads   7,155 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Watershed is not only a hydrological unit for hydrologist but also a socio-political-ecological entity for rural community. Ethiopian highlands hailing as the cradle of humanity and home to about  80% of the population helped shelter from foreign conquest and making a strong base of rural community. The area is threatened with erosion and loss of agricultural productivity. The soil and water conservation program initiated in 1970 achieved only limited success due to its failure in addressing to the problems of local people. The prominent reasons assigned were lack of community participation, ignoring indigenous knowledge, adopting top down approach and poor institutional collaboration. The present government taking lessons from the past, started community based integrated watershed management program removing all the shortcomings through the instrument of new policies for improved livelihood and living conditions of rural communities.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Worku, T. and Tripathi, S. (2015) Watershed Management in Highlands of Ethiopia: A Review. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-11. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101481.

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