Particle Physics Can Be Investigated from a Thermodynamic Point of View

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101493   PDF   HTML   XML   895 Downloads   1,310 Views  


Based on the idea of that particle decay represents nothing but a kind of thermodynamic process due to its spontaneity, we here explore a new kind of heat engine: particle Carnot engine (PCE), which satisfies Carnot’s theorem. The result shows that any single particle carries its quantized intrinsic entropy, and the total entropy never decreases for any decay process. Particle thermodynamic laws analogous to the usual ones are proposed, among which the momentum conservation principle is specially introduced that will determine the irreversibility of particle decay. Moreover, we also develop the operational definitions of particle state functions, including Boltzmann relationship, which can be used to discuss the thermodynamic properties of particle objects. Thus, our study can provide a new theoretical framework to investigate particle physics.

Share and Cite:

Yao, Q. (2015) Particle Physics Can Be Investigated from a Thermodynamic Point of View. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-8. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101493.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Scully, M. (2002) In: Sheehan, D., Ed., Quantum Limits to the Second Law, AIP Press, New York, 83-91.
[2] Zubairy, M.S. (2002) In: Sheehan, D., Ed., Quantum Limits to the Second Law, AIP Press, New York, 91-97.
[3] Bender, C.M., Brody, D.C. and Meister, B.K. (2002) Entropy and Temperature of a Quantum Carnot Engine. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A, 458, 1519-1526.
[4] Scully, M.O., Zubairy, M.S., Agarwa, G.S. and Walther, H. (2003) Extracting Work from a Single Heat Bath via Vanishing Quantum Coherence. Science, 299, 862-864.
[5] Rohrlich, D. (2001) Thermodynamic Analogues in Quantum Information Theory. Optics and Spectroscopy, 91, 363-367.
[6] Horodecki, P., Horodecki, R. and Horodecki, M. (1998) Entanglement and Thermodynamic Analogies. Acta Physica Slovaca, 48, 141-156.
[7] Vedral, V. and Kashefi, E. (2002) Uniqueness of the Entanglement Measure for Bipartite Pure States and Thermodynamics. Physical Review Letters, 89, Article ID: 037903.
[8] Garay, L.J. (1998) Spacetime Foam as a Quantum Thermal Bath. Physical Review Letters, 80, 2508-2511.
[9] Benatti, F. and Floreanini, R. (1998) On the Decay Law for Unstable Open Systems. Physics Letters B, 428, 149-156.
[10] Bernardini, C., Maiani, L. and Testa, M. (1993) Short-Time Behavior of Unstable Systems in Field Theory and Proton Decay. Physical Review Letters, 71, 2687-2690.
[11] Davies, E.B. (1976) Quantum Theory of Open Systems. Academic Press, New York.
[12] Callen, H.B. (1985) Thermodynamics and an Introduction to Thermostatics. Wiley, New York.
[13] Barrow, J.D. and Burman, R.R. (1985) Particle Physics and Cosmology: New Light on Heavy Light. Nature, 307, 14-15.
[14] Lakes, R. (1998) Experimental Limits on the Photon Mass and Cosmic Magnetic Vector Potential. Physical Review Letters, 80, 1826-1829.
[15] Lévy, M. (1959) On the Description of Unstable Particles in Quantum Field Theory. Il Nuovo Cimento, 13, 115-143.
Horwitz, L.P. (1995) The Unstable System in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics. Foundation of Physics, 25, 39-65.
[16] Borowski, P., Gemmer, J. and Mahler, G. (2003) On the Concept of Pressure in Quantum Mechanics. Europhysics Letters, 62, 629-635.
[17] Joichi, I., Matsumoto, S. and Yoshimura, M. (1998) Time Evolution of Unstable Particle Decay Seen with Finite Resolution. Physical Review D, 58, Article ID: 045004.
[18] Goldberger, M. and Watson, K. (1964) Collision Theory. John Wiley, New York.
[19] Hagiwara, K., Hikasa, K., Nakamura, K., Tanabashi, M., Aguilar-Benitez, M., Amsler, C., et al. (2002) The Review of Particle Properties. Physical Review D, 66, Article ID: 010001.
[21] Rumer, Y.B. and Ryvkin, M.S. (1980) Thermodynamics, Statistical Physics and Kinetics. Mir Publishers, Moscow.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.