Accurate Age of the Earth Calculation by a New Fundamental Parameter

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101296   PDF   HTML   XML   383 Downloads   729 Views   Citations


The most typical old question that scientist struggle with is the exact age of the earth. Accepted earth’s age is about 4.54 billion years (plus or minus about 1%) which derives from several lines of evidence with many involved assumptions. Furthermore this age could not be computed directly and solely from the earth and its determinant properties without contemplate suppositions. Also no scientific method can prove earth’s actual age and the exact accretion time of earth as yet. In this paper exact age and accretion time of the earth are determined by a new basis parameter in universe that’s called strength limit number of earth and by other substantial factors. Results represented that present exact overall age of the earth is 4.7303652362904 billion years and age of the earth since earth’s initial complete formation (old age of the earth) is 4.55017504989450 17745329167415032 billion years. Therewith the exact accretion time of earth is 180.1901863 958982254670832584968 million years. Also complete formation and accretion time of the oldest known solid constituents in meteorites according to present exact age of the earth is 163.365236 2904 million years. Finally, strength limit factor of earth and distance that light travel in one year prove that the earth is created in 6 cycles. The exact age of the earth performs main fundamental impressment role in new scientific discoveries (such as biological and particles discoveries).

Share and Cite:

Salehi Alashti, M. (2015) Accurate Age of the Earth Calculation by a New Fundamental Parameter. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-25. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101296.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Stassen, C. (1997) The Age of the Earth. The TalkOrigins Archive, Exploring the Creation and Evolution Controversy, 1. [Also Used in Abstract; These Parts: (Plus or Minus about 1%) & Derived from Several Lines of Evidence]
[2] U.S. Geological Survey (1997) The Age of the Earth. By the Branch of Isotope Geology, United States Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, Menlo Park.
[3] Young, D.A. (2006) How Old Is It? How Do We Know? A Review of Dating Methods—Part One: Relative Dating, Absolute Dating, and Non-Radiometric Dating. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, 58, 259-265.
[4] Weins, R.C. (2002) Radiometric Dating: A Christian Perspective. The American Scientific Affiliation.
North Greenland Ice Core Project Members (2004) High Resolution Record of Northern Hemisphere Climate Extending into the Last Interglacial Period. Nature, 431, 147-151. Which Reports Ages Back to 123,000 Years (Web article).
[5] EPICA Community Members (2004) Eight Glacial Cycles from an Antarctic Ice Core. Nature, 429, 623-628.
[7] The International System of Units (2001) In: Taylor, B.N., Ed., The International System of Units (SI), Vol. 330, NIST Special Publication, 29.
[9] Cohen, B. (2002) The Investigation of Difficult Things: Essays on Newton and the History of the Exact Sciences in Honour of D. T. Whiteside. Harman, P.M. and Shapiro, A.E., Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 353.
[10] Cohen, B. and Whitman, A. (Translators) (1999) The Principia: Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. In: Newton, I., Author, Preceded by a Guide to Newton’s Principia, by Cohen, I. Bernard, University of California Press, Proposition 75, Theorem 35, p. 956.
[11] Plastino, A.R. and Muzzio, J.C. (1992) On the Use and Abuse of Newton’s Second Law for Variable Mass Problems. Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 53, 227-232.
[12] Ehlers, J. (1973) Survey of General Relativity Theory. In: Israel, W., Ed., Relativity, Astrophysics and Cosmology, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Academic Publishing Company, 16.
Kenyon, I.R. (1990) General Relativity. Oxford University Press, Oxford, sec. 7.2.
Weinberg, S. (1972) Gravitation and Cosmology. John Wiley, New York, sec. 2.8.
[13] Lewin, W. (1999) Work, Energy, and Universal Gravitation. In English-ogg, MIT Course 8.01: Classical Mechanics, Lecture 11, Videotape, MIT OCW, Cambridge, Event occurs at 1:21-10:10, October 4, 1999.
[14] Mohr, P.J., Taylor, B.N. and Newell, D.B. (2010) The 2010 CODATA Recommended Values of the Fundamental Physical Constants (Web Version 6.0). This Database Was Developed by J. Baker, M. Douma, and S. Kotochigova. [Thursday, 02-Jun-2011 21:00:12 EDT], National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, 2011.
[15] NASA, The G’s in the Machine.
[16] National Physical Laboratory FAQ, I Feel “Lighter” When Up a Mountain but Am I?
[17] Astronomical Constants, Page K6 of the Astronomical Almanac.
[18] IAU Recommendations Concerning Units.
[19] International Astronomical Union (2008) The IAU and Astronomical Units.
[20] Vázquez, Manuel and Hanslmeier, Arnold, Ultraviolet Radiation in the Solar System.
[21] “Homosphere”—AMS Glossary. Archived from the Original on 14 September 2010.
[23] Moskowitz, C. (2014) Neutron Death Mystery Has Physicists Stymied. Scientific American, Science, News.
[25] Amelin, Y., Krot, A.N., Hutcheon, I.D. and Ulyanov, A.A. (2002) Lead Isotopic Ages of Chondrules and Calcium-Aluminum-Rich Inclusions. Science, 297, 1678-1683.
[26] Baker, J., Bizzarro, M., Wittig, N., Connelly, J. and Haack, H. (2005) Early Planetesimal Melting from an Age of 4.5662 Gyr for Differentiated Meteorites. Nature, 436, 1127-1131.
[27] Braterman, P.S. (2013) How Science Figured out the Age of Earth. Scientific American, Editor’s Note.
[28] Bianconi, E., Piovesan, A., Facchin, F., Beraudi, A., Casadei, R., Frabetti, F., Vitale, L., Pelleri, M.C., Tassani, S., Piva, F., Perez-Amodio, S., Strippoli, P. and Canaider, S. (2013) An Estimation of the Number of Cells in the Human Body. Annals of Human Biology, 40, 463-471.
[29] Staff (2007) Useful Constants. International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service.
[30] Allen, C.W. and Cox, A.N. (2000) Allen’s Astrophysical Quantities. Springer, Berlin, 296.
[31] Inoue, J.G., Kumazawa, Y., Miya, M. and Nishida, M. (2009) The Historical Biogeography of the Freshwater Knife-fishes Using Mitogenomic Approaches: A Mesozoic Origin of the Asian Notopterids (Actinopterygii: Osteoglossomorpha). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 51, 486-499.
[32] State University. Madagascar—History & Background. Million, Dead, African, and Island.
[33] Dalrymple, G.B. (2001) The Age of the Earth in the Twentieth Century: A Problem (Mostly) Solved. Geological Society of London Special Publications, 190, 205-221.
[34] Manhes, G., Allègre, C.J., Dupré, B. and Hamelin, B. (1980) Lead Isotope Study of Basic-Ultrabasic Layered Complexes: Speculations about the Age of the Earth and Primitive Mantle Characteristics. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 47, 370-382.
[35] Boltwood, B.B. (1907) Ultimate Disintegration Products of the Radio-Active Elements, Part II: Disintegration Products of Uranium. American Journal of Science, 23, 78-88.
[36] Valley, J.W., Peck, W.H. and Kin, E.M. (1999) Zircons Are Forever. The Outcrop. Geology Alumni Newsletter, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, 34-35.
[37] Wilde, S.A., Valley, J.W., Peck, W.H. and Graham, C.M. (2001) Evidence from Detrital Zircons for the Existence of Continental Crust and Oceans on the Earth 4.4 Gyr Ago. Nature, 409, 175-178.
[38] Wyche, S., Nelson, D.R. and Riganti, A. (2004) 4350-3130 Ma Detrital Zircons in the Southern Cross Granite-Greenstone Terrane, Western Australia: Implications for the Early Evolution of the Yilgarn Craton. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 51, 31-45.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.