Aggression and Perception of Pain among Young Candidates to Professional Soccer Players


Aggression is a constant feature in an athlete’s life. This is because training and too many competitions require a proactive attitude to these demands, hence the importance to distinguish aggression and violence. The same demands that generate aggressiveness also cause pain and injury due to excessive training and competitions. The influences and guidance experienced in the early formation of an athlete’s career are related to other aspects of personality like aggression, perception of pain and effort developed during an athlete’s history and his interaction with the environment. This study evaluated 87 adolescent athletes from the base team of a large professional soccer club in the city of Sao Paulo through the application of psychological assessment tests. The results showed differences among different subgroups of adolescent athletes, as well as differences between these results and normative data described in the manuals of instruments used. When comparing the results from groups of the Brazilian sample of this research with the results of subjects included in the original German manual, the results show much higher average scores in the sporting context.

Share and Cite:

Rubio, K. , Rabelo, I. and Gonçalves, G. (2015) Aggression and Perception of Pain among Young Candidates to Professional Soccer Players. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-10. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101138.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Vieira, V.C.R., Priore, S.E. and Fisberg, M. (2002) A atividade física na adolescência. Adolescencia Latinoamericana, 3.
[2] Barbosa, D.J. (1991) O adolescente e o esporte. In: Maakaroun, M.F., Souza, R.P. and Cruz, A.R., Eds., Tratado de adolescência: Um estudo multidisciplinar. Cultura Médica, Rio de Janeiro.
[3] Engstrom, R., Johansson, M., Tornkvist, M. and Forssblad, M. (1990) Does a Major Knee Injury Definitely Sideline an Elite Soccer Player? American Journal of Sports Medicine, 18, 101-106.
[4] Bajin, B. (1982) An Analysis of Injuries in Amateur Sport, in Particular Women’s Gymnastics. Unpublished Observations. Canadian Gymnastic Federation, Ottawa.
[5] Gauron, E.F. and Bowers, W.A. (1986) Pain Control Techniques in College-Age Athletes. Psychological Reports, 59, 1163-1171.
[6] Yaffe, M. (1983) Sports Injuries—Psychological Aspects. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 224-232.
[7] Rubio, K. and Godoy Moreira, F. (2007) A representação da dorematletasolímpicosbrasileiros. Revista Dor, 8, 926-935.
[8] Godoy Moreira, F. and Rubio, K. (2008) A dor em corredores com fascite plantar: O uso da acupuntura. Revista Dor, 9, 1290-1296.
[9] Meira Jr., C.M., Tani, G. and Manoel, E.J. (2001) A estrutura da prática variada em situações reais de ensino-aprendizagem. Revista Brasileira de Ciência e Movimento, 9, 55-63.
[10] Dogan, B. (2004) The Effects of an Individual’s Athletic Participation and Trait Anxiety on Aggressive Behaviours outside Sport. Sport Psychologist, 15, 578.
[11] De Castro Bidutte, L., Azzi, R.G., Raposo, J.J.B.V. and Almeida, L.S. (2005) Agressividade em jogadores de futebol: Estudo com atletas de equipes portuguesas. Psico-USF, 10, 179-184.
[12] Piotrowski, C. (2000) How Popular Is the Personality Assessment Inventory in Practices and Training. Psychological Reports, 86, 65-66.
[13] Meehl, P.E. (2000) The Dynamics of “Structured” Personality Tests. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56, 367-373.<367::AID-JCLP12>3.0.CO;2-U
[14] Rubio, K. (2007) A Avaliação em Psicologia do Esporte e a Busca de Indicadores de Rendimento. In: Rubio, K., Org., Instrumentos de Avaliação em Psicologia do Esporte, Casa do Psicólogo, São Paulo, 13-26.
[15] Thomas, A. (1994) Esporte: Introdução à Psicologia. Ao Livro Técnico, Rio de Janeiro.
[16] Faleiros-Souza, F.A.E. and Da Silva, J.A. (2004) Avaliação e mensuração da dor em contextos clínicos e de pesquisa. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira para Estudo da Dor, 5, 408-429.
[17] Meyers, M.C., et al. (1992) Predicting Pain Response in Athletes: Development and Assessment of the Sports Inventory for Pain. Journal of Sport & Exercise, 14, 249-261.
[18] Meyers, M.C., et al. (2008) Coping Skills of Olympic Developmental Soccer Athletes. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29, 1-7.
[19] Meyers, M.C., Bourgeois, A.E. and Leunes, A. (2001) Pain Coping Response of Collegiate Athletes Involved in High Contact, High Injury Potential Sport. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 32, 29-42.
[20] Pasquali, L. (1999) Instrumentos psicológicos: Manual prático de elaboração. LabPAM/IBAP, Brasília.
[21] Ryan, M.K., Williams, J.M. and Wimer, B. (1990) Athletic Aggression: Perceived Legitimacy and Behavioral Intentions in Girl’s High School Basketball. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 12, 48-55.
[22] Silva, E.M., Rabelo, I.S. and Rubio, K. (2010) A dor entre atletas de alto rendimento. Revista Brasileira de Psicologia do Esporte, 3.
[23] Lurie, Y. (2006) The Ontology of Sports Injuries and Professional Medical Ethics. In: Loland, S., Skirstad, B. and Waddington, I., Eds., Pain and Injury in Sports: Social and Ethical Analysis, Routledge, New York, 200-210.
[24] Duffy, S.P., McLean, S.L. and Monshipouri, M. (2011) Pearson’s r Correlation. Recuperado em 20 de fevereiro de 2011.
[25] Stephens, D.E. (1998) Aggression. In: Duda, J.L., Ed., Advanced in Sport and Exercise Psychology Measurement, Fitness Information Technology, Morgantown.
[26] Almeida, L.S., Prieto, G., Muñiz, J. and Bartram, D. (1998) O uso dos testes em Portugal, Espanha e Países Iberoame-ricanos. Psychologica, 20, 41-55.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.