A Study of the Optical Properties in ZnWO4 Nanorods Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method


We investigate the effect of synthesized time on the structure, as well as optical properties in ZnWO4 nano rod prepared by hydrothermal method. The prepared rods were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman scattering, absorption and photoluminescent (PL) spectra techniques. The size and morphology of ZnWO4 nano-rod can be controlled by adjusting the reaction time. The resultant sample is a pure phase of ZnWO4 without any impurities. The results showed that the optical property of ZnWO4 nanoparticles obviously relied on their rod sizes.

Share and Cite:

N. Minh and N. Hung, "A Study of the Optical Properties in ZnWO4 Nanorods Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 8, 2011, pp. 988-992. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.28133.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] F. A. Kr?ger, “Some Aspects of the Luminescence of Solids,” Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1948.
[2] L. G. V. Uitert, S. Preziosi, “Zinc Tungstates for Microwave Maser Applications,” Journal Applied Physics, Vol. 33, No. 9, 1962, pp. 2908-2909. doi.10.1063/1.1702581
[3] P. F. Schofield, K. S. Knight and G. Cressey, “Neutron Powder Diffraction Study of the Scintillator Material ZnWO4,” Journal Material Science, Vol. 31, No. 11, 1996, pp. 2873-2877. doi.10.1007/BF00355995
[4] Caprez, P. Meyer, P. Mikhail and J. Hulliger, “New Host-Lattices for Hyperfine Optical Hole Burning: Materials of Low Nuclear Spin Moment,” Material Research Bull, Vol. 32, No. 8, 1997, pp. 1045-1054. doi.10.1016/S0025-5408(97)00070-6
[5] N. Klassen, S. Shmurak, B. Red’kin, B. Ille, B. Lebeau, P. Lecoq and M. Schneegans, “Correlations between Structural and Scintillation Characteristics of Lead and Cadmium Tungstates,” Nuclear Instrument Methods Physics Research A, Vol. 486, No. 1-2, 21, June 2002, pp. 431-436.
[6] M. Itoh, N. Fujita and Y. Inabe, “X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Electronic Structures of Scheelite- and Wolframite-Type Tungstate Crystals,” Journal Physics Society Japanese, Vol. 75, 2006, pp. 084705-084712. doi.10.1143/JPSJ.75.084705
[7] J. C. Brice, P. A. C. Whiffin, “Solute Striae in Pulled Crystals of Zinc Tungstate” British Journal Applied Physics, Vol. 18, No. 5, 1967, pp. 581-586. doi.10.1088/0508-3443/18/5/304
[8] A. R. Phani, M. Passacantando, L. Lozzi and S. Santucci, “Structural Characterization of Bulk ZnWO4 Prepared by Solid State Method,” Journal Material Science, HHHVol. 35, No. 19HHH, 2000, pp. 4879-4883. doi.10.1023/A:1004809804206
[9] L. Honeycutt and A. Kuzmin, J. Purans “Communication and Design Course; Local atomic and electronic structure of tungsten ions in AWO4 Crystals of Scheelite and Wolframite Types,” Radiat Measurement, Vol. 33, No. 5, 2001, pp. 583-586.
[10] A. Henglein, “Estimated Distributions of Electronic Redox Levels in aq/eaq?, Haq+/Haq and Some Other Systems,” General Introductory Chemistry, Vol. 78, No. 10, 1974, pp. 1078-1084. Udoi:10.1002/bbpc.19740781016.
[11] M. Bonanni, L. Spanhel, M. Lerch, E. Fuglein and G. Muller, “Conversion of Colloidal ZnO-WO3 Heteroaggregates into Strongly Blue Luminescing ZnWO4 Xerogels and Films,” Chemistry Material, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1998, pp. 304-310. doi.10.1021/cm9704591
[12] Fu-Shan Wen, Xu Zhao, Hua Huo, Jie-Sheng Chen, E. Shu-Lin, Jia-Hua Zhang, “Hydrothermal Synthesis and Photoluminescent Properties of ZnWO4 and Eu3+-doped ZnWO4,” Materials Letters, Vol. 55, No. 3, 2002, pp. 152-157. doi.10.1016/S0167-577X(01)00638-3
[13] M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo and P. Yang, “Room-Temperature Ultraviolet Nanowire Nanolasers,” Science, Vol. 292, 2001, pp. 1897-1899. doi.10.1126/science.1060367
[14] Y. Cui and C. M. Lieber, “Functional Nanoscale Electronic Devices Assembled Using Silicon Nanowire Building Blocks,” Science, Vol. 2, 2001, pp. 851-853. doi.10.1126/science.291.5505.851
[15] K. Kuribayashi, M. Yoshimura, T. Ohta and T. Sata, “Processes in the Reaction of Yttrium Oxide with. Tungsten Trioxide,” Bull Chemistry Sciences Japanese, Vol. 50, No. 11, 1977, pp. 2932-2934. doi.10.1246/bcsj.50.2932
[16] R. C. Pullar, S. Farrah and N. M. Alford, “MgWO4, ZnWO4, NiWO4 and CoWO4 Microwave Dielectric Ceramics,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 27, No. 2-3, 2007, pp. 1059-1063
[17] H. Fu, J. Lin, L. Zhang and Y. Zhu, “Photocatalytic Activities of a Novel ZnWO4 Catalyst Prepared by a Hydrothermal Process,” Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol. 306, No. 7, 2006, pp. 58-67. doi.10.1016/j.apcata.2006.03.040
[18] K. N. P. Kumar, K. Keizer and A. J. Burggraaf, “Textural Evolution and Phase Transformation in Titania Membran- es: Part 1 Unsupported Membranes,” Journal Material Chemistry, Vol. 3, No. 11, 1993, pp. 1141-1149. doi.10.1039/jm9930301141
[19] X. Zhao, W. Yao, Y. Wu, S. Zhang, H. Yang and Y. Zhu, “Fabrication and Photoelectrochemical Properties of Porous ZnWO4 Film,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 179, No. 8, 2006, pp. 2562-2570.
[20] M. A. Butler, “Photoelectrolysis and Physical Properties of the Semiconducting Electrode WO2,”?Applied Physics, Vol. 48, No. 5, 1977, pp. 1914-1920.
[21] M. Bonanni, L. Spanhel, M. Lerch, E. Fuglein and G. Muller, “Conversion of Colloidal ZnO-WO3 Heteroaggregates into Strongly Blue Luminescing ZnWO4 Xerogels and Films,” Chemics Material, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1998, pp. 304-310. doi.10.1021/cm9704591U
[22] A. Kalinko and A. Kuzmin, “Raman and Photoluminescence Spectroscopy of Zinc Tungstate Powders”, Journal of Luminescence, Vol. 129, No. 10, 2009, pp. 1144-1147. doi.10.1016/j.jlumin.2009.05.010
[23] Y. Liu, H. Wang, G. Chen, Y. D. Zhou, B. Y. Gu and B. Q. Hu, “Analysis of Raman spectra of ZnWO4 single crystals,” Journal Applied Physics, Vol. 64, No. 9, 1988, pp. 4651-4653. doi.10.1063/1.341245
[24] H. Wang, F. D. Medina, Y. D. Zhou and Q. N. Zhang, “Temperature Dependence of the Polarized Raman Spectra of ZnWO4 Single Crystals,” Physics Reviews B, Vol. 45, No. 18, 1992, pp. 10356-10362. doi.10.1103/PhysRevB.45.10356
[25] G. Blasse, M. J. J. Lammers and D.S. Robertson, “Structure and Bonding, The Luminescence of Cadmium Tungstate (CdWO4),” Physics Status Solidi A, Vol. 63, 1981, pp. 569-572.
[26] L. Grigorjeva, R. Deych, D. Millers and S. Chernov, “Time-Resolved Luminescence and Absorption in Cd- WO4,” Radiation Measurement, Vol. 29, No. 3-4, 1998, pp. 267-271.
[27] A. E. Ovechkin, V. D. Ryzhikov, G. Tamulaitis and A. ?ukauskas, “Luminescence of ZnWO4 and CdWO4 Crystals,” Physics Status Solidity A, Vol. 103, No. 1, 1987, 285-290. doi.10.1002/pssa.2211030133

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.