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Effect of Ethylene Carbonate (EC) Plasticizer on Poly (Vinyl Chloride)-Liquid 50% Epoxidised Natural Rubber (LENR50) Based Polymer Electrolyte

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DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.27111    5,276 Downloads   9,765 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In this research, new thin film of a free standing electrolyte film containing poly(vinyl) chloride (PVC), 50% liquid epoxidized natural rubber (LENR50), Ethylene carbonate (EC) blends as a host for the electrolyte which was doped with lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) as the dopant salt was successfully prepared with solution casting technique. The polymer electrolyte of PVC-LENR50-EC-LiClO4 was characterized using impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR). From the EIS results shows that electrolyte exhibited the highest ionic conductivity of 2.1 × 10–7 S●cm–1 at the 30 wt.% of LiClO4. The ionic conductivity result was supported by the morphological studies which revealed the good homogeneity of the PVC-LENR50-EC blends as no phase separation was observed. The smooth surface can ease the mobility of ions in the system complexes. In addition, the formation of micro-pores by introducing lithium salts to the electrolyte also improved the transportation properties of L+ ions in the electrolyte system and hence improving its ionic conductivity. The features of complexation of the electrolytes were studied by ATR-FTIR.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Rahman, A. Ahmad, T. Lee, Y. Farina and H. Dahlan, "Effect of Ethylene Carbonate (EC) Plasticizer on Poly (Vinyl Chloride)-Liquid 50% Epoxidised Natural Rubber (LENR50) Based Polymer Electrolyte," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 7, 2011, pp. 817-825. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.27111.

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