Share This Article:

Study of the Effect of Gamma Irradiation on the Mechanical Properties of Polyvinyl Alcohol Based Gelatin Blend Film

Abstract PP. 1-10
DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100639    1,480 Downloads   2,063 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Blend film of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) based gelatin was prepared by mixing aqueous solutions of both samples. The mixed aqueous solutions of both samples in different ratios (P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5) were then cast onto silicon paper covered glass plate to form film. These films were then irradiated under gamma radiation (60Co) with different intensities (total dose) like 50, 100, 150, 250 and 500 krad to investigate the irradiation effect on the mechanical properties of these films. It was found that, due to incorporating radiation, the tensile strength (TS) and elongation at break (Eb) were improved up to some radiation doses and then again decreased. The highest TS (32 MPa) for blends was observed for 5% gelatin containing PVA film at 50 krad which was 19% higher than that of non-irradiated blend and the highest Eb (165%) was found for 10% gelatin containing PVA film at 100 krad. FTIR spectra of the pure and blend films were taken for structural characterization. Morphological investigation of the films was investigated by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Dey, K. , Ganguli, S. , Ghoshal, S. , Khan, M. and Khan, R. (2014) Study of the Effect of Gamma Irradiation on the Mechanical Properties of Polyvinyl Alcohol Based Gelatin Blend Film. Open Access Library Journal, 1, 1-10. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1100639.

References

[1] Srinivaasa, P.C., Ramesh, M.N., Kumar, K.R. and Tharanathan, R.N. (2003) Properties and Sorption Studies of Chitosan-Polyvinyl Alcohol Blend Films. Carbohydrate Polymers, 53, 431-438.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0144-8617(03)00105-X
[2] Lee, Y.J., Shin, D.S., Choi, H.G., Han, S.S. and Lyoo, W.S. (2007) Preparation of Atactic Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Sodium Alginate Blend Nanowebs by Electrospinning. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 106, 1337-1342.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.26568
[3] WHO (1979) Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man. Vol. 19, IARC Working Group, Lyon, 341-366.
[4] Gul-E-Noor, F., Khan, M.A., Ghoshal, S., Mazid, R.A., Chowdhury, S.A.M. and Khan, R.A. (2009) Grafting of 2-Ethylhexyl Acrylate with Urea on to Gelatin Film by Gamma Radiation. Journal of Macromolecular Science, 46, 615-624.
[5] Sarker, B., Dey, K. and Khan, R.A. (2011) Effect of Incorporation of Polypropylene on the Physico-Mechanical and Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Gelatin Fiber Based Linear Low Density Polyethylene Bio-foamed Composite. Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, 24, 679-694.
[6] Khan, R.A., Sarker, B., Khan, A., Huq, T., Noor, N. and Khan, M.A. (2010) Fabrication and Characterization of Gelatin Fiber-based Linear Low-density Polyethylene Foamed Composite. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 29, 2438-2449.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0731684409351168
[7] Zaman, H.U., Khan, M.A. and Khan, R.A. (2013) Comparison of Mechanical and Degradation Properties of EG and EGDMA Grafted Gelatin Films. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 27, 413-422.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01694243.2012.707450
[8] Zaman, H.U., Beg, M.D.H., Khan, M.A. and Khan, R.A. (2013) A Comparative Study of Gamma and Ultraviolet Radiation on gelatin Film with 2-Ethylhexyl Acrylate. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 27, 2653-2665.
[9] Tharanatha, R.N. (2003) Biodegradable Films and Composite Coatings: Past, Present, and Future. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 14, 71-78.
[10] Khan, M.A. and Hasan, M.M. (2004) Polymer Surface Modification: Relevance to Adhesion, VSP. Vol. 3, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 263-283.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/b12183-16
[11] Khan, M.A., Khan, R.A., Noor, F.G., Rahman, M.M. and Noor-A-Alam, M. (2009) Studies on the Mechanical Properties of Gelatinand Its Blends with Vinyltrimethoxysilane: Effect of Gamma Radiation. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 48, 813-818.
[12] Zaman, H.U., Khan, A.H., Hossain, M.A., Khan, M.A. and Khan, R.A. (2009) Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Jute Fabrics Reinforced Polyethylene/Polypropylene Composites: Role of Gamma Radiation. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 48, 760-766.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03602550902824655
[13] Czvikovszky, T. (1995) Reactive Recycling of Multiphase Polymer Systems through Electron Beam. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B, 105, 233-237.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0168-583X(95)00528-5
[14] Ressouany, M., Vachon, C. and Lacroix, M. (1998) Irradiation Dose and Calcium Effect on the Mechanical Properties of Cross-Linked Caseinate Films. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 46, 1618-1623.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf970805z
[15] Jo, C., Kang, H., Lee, N.Y., Kwon, J.H. and Byun, M.W. (2005) Pectinand Gelatin-Based Film: Effect of Gamma Irradiation on the Mechanical Properties and Biodegradation. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 72, 745-750.
[16] Park, H.J., Rhim, J.H., Jung, S.T. and Kang, S.G. (1995) Mechanical Properties of Carrageenan-Based Biopolymer Films. Journal of KOPAST, 1, 38-50.
[17] Peppas, N.A. (1986) Hydrogels in Medicine and Pharmacy. Vol. 1, CRC Press Inc., Boca Raton, 1.
[18] Song, C.L., Yoshii, F. and Kume, T.J. (2001) Radiation Crosslinking of Biodegradable Poly(butylene succinate) at High Temperature. Macromol. Sci., Pure and Applied Chemistry Part A, 38, 961-971.
[19] Khan, F. and Ahmad, S.R. (1997) Graft Copolymerization Reaction of Water-Emulsified Methyl Methacrylate with Preirradiated Jute Fiber. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 65, 459-468.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4628(19970718)65:3<459::AID-APP5>3.0.CO;2-G
[20] Hsu, S.C., Don, T.M. and Chiu, W.Y. (2002) Synthesis of Chitosan-Modified Poly(methyl methacrylate) by Emulsion Polymerization. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 86, 3047-3056.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.11333

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.