An Internet Based Distributed Control Systems: A Case Study of Oil Refineries
Musaria K. Mahmood, Fawzi M. Al-Naima
DOI: 10.4236/epe.2011.33038   PDF    HTML     9,424 Downloads   17,514 Views   Citations


An Internet based Distributed Control System (DCS) is presented in this paper for monitoring real time data using ordinary web browser. Each DCS will be connected to the central server which will be the system web server. The proposed system is based on the three-tier client-server model. The application server is written in C#.Net. SQL database server 2005 is used for all the DCSs local database servers and for the system database server. Monitoring real time system alarm and all historical records are considered as part of the proposed system. The North Oil Refineries of Baiji (NORB) in northern Iraq is considered as a case study for the developed system. These refineries have twelve independent DCSs which are connected in a mesh network to form one system similar to an ordinary Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) system.

Share and Cite:

M. Mahmood and F. Al-Naima, "An Internet Based Distributed Control Systems: A Case Study of Oil Refineries," Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2011, pp. 310-316. doi: 10.4236/epe.2011.33038.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] S. Jing and Q. Meng “Research and Design of Remote Real-Time Supervisory System Based on OPC in Cement Enterprise,” IEEE International Conference on Automation and Logistics, Shenyang, 5-7 August 2009, pp. 761-765. doi:10.1109/ICAL.2009.5262822
[2] K. Al-Khateeb, W. F. Al-Khateeb and S. A. Hameed, “Implementation of Internet Based Remote Control and Monitoring”, 4th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, Xi’an, 25-17 May 2009, pp. 1513-1516. doi:10.1109/ICIEA.2009.5138447
[3] T. E. Dy-Liacco, “Modern Control Centers and Computer Networking,” IEEE Computer Application in Power, Vol. 7, No. 4, 1994, pp. 17-22. doi:10.1109/67.318916
[4] D. Trung “Modern SCADA Systems for Oil Pipelines,” IEEE Petroleum and Chemical Industry Conference, Denver, 11-13 September 1995, pp. 299-305.
[5] G. Clarke and D. Reynders, “Practical Modern SCADA Protocols,” Elsevier, Oxford, 2004.
[6] B. Qiu and H. B. Gooi, “Web-Based SCADA Display Systems (WSDS) for Access via Internet,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2000, pp. 681-686. doi:10.1109/59.867159
[7] D. Li, Y. Serizawa and M. Kiuchi, “Concept Design for a Web Based Supervisory Control and Data-Acquisition (SCADA) System,” IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conference, Yokohama, 6-10 October 2002, pp. 32-36. doi:10.1109/TDC.2002.1178256
[8] B. Qui, L. Chen, V. Venteno, X. Dong and Y. Liu, “Internet Based Frequency Monitoring Network (FNET),” IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, Columbus, 28 January-1 February 2011, pp. 1166-1171. doi:10.1109/PESW.2001.917238
[9] G. Liang, “A Kind of Web-Based Remote Supervisory and Control System for Power Plants in WAN,” 8th International Conference on Electronic Measurement and Instruments, Xi’an, 16 August-18 July 2007, pp. 170-175. doi:10.1109/ICEMI.2007.4350881
[10] B. Stojkovic and M. Vukasovic, “A New SCADA System Design in the Power System of Montenegro- ICCP/TASE.2 and Web-Based Real-Time Electricity Demand Metering Extensions,” Power Systems Conference and Exposition, Atlanta, 29 October-1 November 2006, pp. 2194-2199. doi:10.1109/PSCE.2006.296282
[11] E. Tanyi, T. Noulamo, M. Nkenlifack and J. Tsochounie, “A Multi-Agent Design and Implementation of an Internet Based Platform for the Remote Monitoring and Control of the Cameroon Power Network,” Engineering Letters, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2006, pp. 195-203.
[12] A. Salihbegovic and O. Tanovic, “Internet Based Laboratories in Engineering Education,” Proceedings of the ITI 2008 30th International Conference on Information Technology Interfaces, Dubrovnik, 23-26 June 2008, pp. 163-170. doi:10.1109/ITI.2008.4588401
[13] M. Endi, Y. Z. Elhalwagy and A. Hashad, “Three-Layer PLC/SCADA System Architecture in Process Automation and Data Monitoring,” The 2nd International Conference on Computer and Automation Engineering, Singapore, 26-28 February 2010, pp. 774-779. doi:10.1109/ICCAE.2010.5451799
[14] K. K Tan, T. H Lee and C. Y. Soh, “ Remotely Operated Experiment for Mechatronics: Monitoring of DCS on the Internet,” IEEWASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, Como, 6-12 July 2001, pp. 1106-1111. doi:10.1109/AIM.2001.936853
[15] K. K. Tan, T. H. Lee, and C. Y. Soh, “Internet-Based Monitoring of Distributed Control Systems—An Undergraduate Experiment”, IEEE Transactions on Education, Vol. 45, No. 2, 2002, pp. 128-134. doi:10.1109/TE.2002.1013876
[16] C. Schwab, M. Tangermann, and L. Ferrarini, “Web based Methodology for Engineering and Maintenance of Distributed Control Systems: The TORERO Approach,” 3rd IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics, Perth, 10-12 August 2005, pp. 32-37. doi:10.1109/INDIN.2005.1560348
[17] Yamatake Industrial Systems Corporation 2000, Deo Product Guide Book.
[18] D. Newell, O. Jones and M. Machura, “Interoperable Object Models for Large Scale Distributed Systems,” IEE, International Seminar on Client/Server Computing, La Hulpe, 30-31 October 1995, pp. 1-6. doi:10.1049/ic:19951141
[19] S.-A. Moraru, C. Bujdei, A. Pelcz, C. Vulpe, F. Sisak and L. Perniu, “Monitoring of Energy Consumption in Industrial Environment Using Integrated Software System,” IEEE 11th International Conference on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipment, Brasov, 22-24 May 2008, pp. 173-178. doi:10.1109/OPTIM.2008.4602476
[20] D. Li, Y. Serizawa and M. Kiuchi, “Extension of Client-Server Applications to the Internet,” Proceedings of 2002 IEEE Region 10 Conference on Computers, Communications, Control and Power Engineering, Vol. 1, 2002, pp. 355-358. doi:10.1109/TENCON.2002.1181287
[21] M. K. Mahmood and F. M. Al-Naima, “Developing a Multi-Layer Strategy for Securing Control Systems of Oil Refineries,” Wireless Sensor Network, Vol. 2, No. 7, 2010, pp. 520-527. doi:10.4236/wsn.2010.27064

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.