Utilization of a New by-Product Material for Soft Subgrade Soil Stabilization

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100711   PDF        1,685 Downloads   2,854 Views   Citations

Abstract

Silt soil cannot satisfy the requirements of highway construction because of its low strength. A new stabilizer from waste aluminum industry is developed (aluminum chops (AC) and wires (AW)) to evaluate the effect of reinforcing the subgrade with low-cost by-product materials on its mechanical and durability characteristics. Laboratory tests, including modified proctor compaction, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and CBR are developed to evaluate the mechanical properties. The durability properties are investigated by studying the influence of environmental conditions such as water immersion effect on compressive strength, mass loss after freezing and thawing cycles, water absorption by capillarity and wetting-drying durability. Moreover, a practical application about the base course thickness saving and its economically viable as well as correlations between mechanical properties are investigated. The results indicated that the aluminium fiber can effectively improve the mechanical and durability characteristics of silt subgrade where the increase in aluminum chops grade leads to improve the majority properties. While aluminum wires of 2.0 cm length produces reduction in CBR and compressive strength compared to smaller length. Stabilization with aluminium fiber has a remarkable influence in reducing the base course thickness (especially at using 4% of AW1.0) and increasing the construction cost saving (especially at using 1% of AW1.0).

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El-Maaty Behiry, A. (2014) Utilization of a New by-Product Material for Soft Subgrade Soil Stabilization. Open Access Library Journal, 1, 1-22. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1100711.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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